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India - Lucknow-Muzaffarpur National Highway Project : environmental assessment (Vol. 11) : Final specific environmental management plan-Package III (SectionC-III/2) (Inglês)

This is an environmental assessment for the Lucknow-Muzaffarpur National highway Project, which improves road and port transport in India. This report assesses the likely negative environmental impacts and proposed measures to mitigate them. Among them are the following: For every tree felled, two trees will be transplanted and nurtured for two years to ensure tree survival. Soil erosion will result from tree cutting, clearing of roadside vegetation, and unmanaged run-off from equipment washing-yards. Minimize soil erosion by providing slope protection on embankments abutting water bodies by providing brick pitching, stone pitching, Gabion structures, as applicable. Provide retaining walls. For gentler slopes, turf with shrubs and grasses. Excavation of riverbeds and banks will increase sediment load downstream of the bridge site. To minimize soil contamination, provide oil-intercepting chamber to treat surface run-off, provide impervious floor-beds under parking areas, and maximize and reuse of construction wastes and dispose of unusable wastes and hazardous materials. Access roads and vehicle movements will avoid sensitive routes and heavy machinery will not be used on productive land to minimize soil compaction. Cover vehicles to prevent spills and transport borrow materials during daytime only. Use sprinklers to wash down roads and suppress dust emissions during soil transport After activity ends, redevelop borrow pits by converting to dumping sites, redeveloping for commercial use as fish ponds or as constructed wetlands as community-based wastewater treatment facilities. Plant dust screening vegetation along roadsides and at locations sensitive to air pollution like schools, hospitals, etc. Use traffic detours and diversions to minimize traffic bottlenecks. To reduce impacts to water resources, site construction camps away from sensitive water resources, prepare temporary drains to dispose of eroded settlements, providing sedimentation/septic tanks, ditches and drains to catch run-off, and provide oil-interceptors and riparian buffers. To avoid flooding, raise highway embankments, provide balancing bridges, culverts, and boulder aprons. Lessen noise by using noise absorbing building materials, planting noise absorbing trees, provide workers with ear plugs and helmets and generally prevented from prolonged exposure to high noise levels, and prohibit batching and hot mix plants within the vicinity of schools, hospitals, etc. In case of finding any rare/endangered animal species during construction, inform the wildlife authorities.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Operational Research Group; Spatial Decisions; DHV; MDP Consultants

  • Data do documento

    2004/07/01

  • TIpo de documento

    Avaliação Ambiental

  • No. do relatório

    E895

  • Nº do volume

    11

  • Total Volume(s)

    21 (Ver todos os volumes)

  • País

    Índia,

  • Região

    Sul da Ásia,

  • Data de divulgação

    2010/07/01

  • Nome do documento

    Final specific environmental management plan-Package III (SectionC-III/2)

  • Palavras-chave

    operations research;surface water quality monitoring;national highway;Environmental Management Plan;ground water quality;vehicle operation;free flow of traffic;agency operations;Environmental and Social Impact;drinking water quality standard;built up area;construction and operation;monitoring plan;project road;ambient air quality;environmental monitoring;Social Assessment;loss of vegetation;cost equipment;ground water source;ground water resource;cost of equipment;contamination of surface;ambient noise level;impacts of noise;provision of service;average annual rainfall;contamination of soil;compaction of soil;road safety measure;removal of trees;work resource;local solid waste;federal highway;water borne disease;night time noise;contract packages;sensitive locations;drainage structure;cultural property;suspend particulate;water bodies;construction site;traffic situation;endangered species;maximum temperature;mitigation cost;social environment;hand pump;mitigation measure;monsoon season;traffic diversion;construction camp;water course;relative humidity;agricultural land;compensatory afforestation;labour camp;cultural value;adversely impact;cost of construction;natural value;Water 3;hot summer;traffic condition;survival rate;plant location;hazardous condition;domestic animal;fringe area;medical center;improved connectivity;engineering practice;mixed traffic;human habitation;environmental issue;vehicle parking;speed vehicle;soil erosion;retaining wall;reporting system;worker camp;indoor air;construction activities;traffic survey;parking area;ambient temperature;macro level;baseline conditions;local population;agricultural field;road length;local traffic;residential premises;domestic activity;wastewater discharge;good traffic;coliform count;exhaust gas;construction phase;exhaust emission;gaseous pollutant;sound level;noise model;noise barrier;endangered flora;cold winter;alluvial plain;summer season;average wind;rainy season;future traffic;bullock cart;educational institution;project impact;baseline study;construction stage;environmental measure;agricultural soil;stone masonry;residential area;road drainage;rural area;land use;child labor;Child Labour;surface mining;disposal site;fertile land;dust generation;seismic stability;bus stop;road section;transport cost;total traffic;

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