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India - Tamil Nadu Road Sector Project (Inglês)

Ratings for the Tamil Nadu Road Sector Project (TNRSP) for India were as follows: outcomes were satisfactory, the risk to development outcome was moderate, the Bank performance was satisfactory, and the Borrower performance was also satisfactory. Some lessons learned included: a dedicated project unit with an empowered leadership supported by an appropriate skill mix can be very useful in managing large projects spread over several years and seeking to introduce new approaches on multiple fronts. Yet, it is important to recognize that the units that are put together just for the sake of the project tend to lack full empowerment and leadership from within and often rely on the strength of individuals assigned to lead them. Hence, the Government, implementing agency and the Bank should pay more attention to enhancing the leadership and empowerment of dedicated units at multiple levels. The organizational structure and culture of most of the works departments seem to willy-nilly attach relatively less priority to planning and preparation activities such as design, including land acquisition, resettlement and rehabilitation (R&R) and utility shifting. Inadequate attention to these activities, as highlighted in TNRSP, is likely to have negative ripple effects. Hence, utmost priority should be given to complete planning and preparatory activities within a reasonably tight schedule. Also, if there is a significant time lapse from preparation to implementation, care should be taken to suitably update the designs and to ensure reasonable level of maintenance in the interim to avoid acute deterioration of road structure. In a project with a strong institutional development agenda, the teams may consider choosing more granular targets/indicators to measure achievements and impacts. Such targets, ideally, should relate not only to mere completion of all sub-activities/components but also to the actual improvements achieved in project implementation and other operational efficiencies (e.g., reduction in time and cost overruns; reduction in per km costs of construction and maintenance, etc.). Land acquisition through private negotiations, coupled with innovative approaches to valuation, appears to offer significant promise to expedite land acquisition in a timely and amicable manner. This lesson was already highlighted in a World Bank dissemination note building upon the experience from four State Highway projects (in the states of Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, and Gujarat) and a hydroelectric power project (Himachal Pradesh).


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    India - Tamil Nadu Road Sector Project

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    Environmental and Social Safeguard;Land Acquisition and Resettlement;road safety action plan;injuries from road accidents;international competitive bidding procedure;economic and financial analysis;demand for road transport;unesco world heritage site;road asset management system;large civil works contracts;effectiveness of public spending;core road network;state road;quality at entry;road sector expenditure;payment of compensation;resettlement and rehabilitation;resettlement action plan;quality of supervision;database management system;performance based contract;severity of impact;annual business plan;social and environmental;expenditure for maintenance;financial management indicator;meeting minutes;road safety awareness;surface water collection;cultural heritage area;Traffic and Roads;shifting water supply;number of seminars;procurement and disbursement;flow of fund;availability of fund;water scarce area;number of road;outputs by components;road safety issue;private sector involvement;land acquisition procedures;lines of responsibility;allocation of fund;flow of traffic;technical assistance service;road transport infrastructure;reconstruction and rehabilitation;primarily due;amount of loan;agricultural sector productivity;assessment of risk;vehicle operating cost;User satisfaction Survey;Public Sector Governance;reduction in travel;Financial Management System;international roughness index;assessment of outcome;public private partnership;public-private partnership;income generation activities;contract management;project costing;survival rate;satisfactory rating;cultural property;institutional strengthening;resettlement implementation;road maintenance;project finance;Exchange Rates;electricity connection;private negotiation;loan proceeds;procurement procedure;resettlement impacts;Quality Enhancement;upgradation works;regulatory environment;disbursement profile;contract clause;ripple effect;environmental safeguard;routine maintenance;environmental issue;district road;allocation procedures;outcome indicator;land purchase;affected communities;indian rupee;resettlement assistance;environmental measure;results framework;construction phase;non-governmental organization;land owner;resettlement sites;adequate resources;mutual trust;core sector;loan negotiation;project approval;community asset;market access;geometric correction;inadequate capacity;chartered accountant;primary author;effective leadership;registered vehicle;external partner;Institutional Sustainability;tree plantation;penal provision;organizational restructuring;client ownership;water facility;sensitivity analysis;judicial process;analysis period;effective capacity;liquidated damages;contract condition;cumulative value;contract signing;construction period;system certification;hand pump;school building;family living;budget levels;environmental indicator;heavy monsoon;safeguard policy;road corridor;environmental settings;coastal area;Safeguard Policies;forested areas;road condition;external expert;social inclusion;engineering design;community properties;traffic study;efficiency gain;effective approach;assessment training;maintenance expenditure;school child;escalation clause;baseline survey;community benefits;potential users;land area;private land;passenger trip;facilitating trade;procurement function;loan approval;deferred maintenance;urban consumer;transport operator;capital expenditure;employment opportunities;employment opportunity;fiscal crisis;urban roads;lane width;road infrastructure;tradable sector;investment expenditure;environmental mitigation;capacity expansion;organizational capacity;funding mechanism;inadequate infrastructure;international consultant;rapid motorization;international competition;work planning;social impact;remedial intervention;managerial decision;coherent strategy;agricultural producer;ride quality;construction material;ground level;reform priorities;public consultation;private company;delay in procurement;community participation



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