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Export discoveries, diversification and barriers to entry (Inglês)

The literature on the relationship between economic diversification and development has grown rapidly in recent years, partly due to the surprising finding that diversification rises with gross domestic product per capita up to a certain point. Export diversification along the extensive margin is inextricable from the introduction of new export products. The authors test the hypothesis that the threat of imitation inhibits the introduction of new exports -- export discoveries -- under the assumption that the intensive and extensive margins of exports are correlated within broad country-industry groups. Econometric evidence from panel-data techniques that are appropriate for count data (the number of discoveries) suggests that discoveries within countries and industries rise with the growth of exports along the intensive margin (relative to the growth of non-export gross domestic product) but the magnitude of this partial correlation increases with domestic barriers to entry and with customs delays in exporting. However, the magnification effect of barriers to entry appears to be less significant as a determinant of total within-country export discoveries. This is consistent with inter-industry and within-country spillovers related to export discoveries, implying that barriers to entry enhance the effect of export growth on discoveries within country-industries but total discoveries might be unaffected by barriers to entry.


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    Klinger, Bailey Lederman, Daniel

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    Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas

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    Export discoveries, diversification and barriers to entry

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    barrier to entry;Canadian Journal of Economics;Technical Barriers to Trade;early stage of development;market failure;commodity group;export growth;process of discovery;process of development;country fixed effect;development research group;level of private;degrees of freedom;export growth rate;process of diversification;small business economics;faculty research;number of patents;capital per worker;capital intensive goods;gross domestic product;barriers to exports;standard deviation equal;financial system development;principal component analysis;effect of trade;export data;export product;factor endowment;Export Diversification;net export;domestic production;comparative advantage;estimation result;export basket;knowledge spillover;production cost;standard error;descriptive statistic;composite index;patent count;foreign demand;regression results;customs agency;economic diversification;export price;regulatory barrier;international economics;explanatory variable;Labor Market;income rise;regional characteristic;International Trade;marginal effect;export activity;export good;commercial policy;panel data;public support;empirical analysis;private investment;product variety;export dynamism;geographic pattern;temporal profile;product sample;trade classification;trade product;export sector;empirical model;increased export;rolling regression;safety standard;exchange rate;Industrial Policy;linear relationship;individual effect;data model;Industrial Policies;Exchange Rates;global demand;investment dynamic;contract dispute;empirical evidence;confidence interval;profitable sector;future research;causal relationship;correlation coefficient;export entry;unobserved characteristic;positive integer;monotonic relationship;functional form;binomial estimator;domestic consumption;natural logarithm;real value;econometric issue;regulatory indicator;basic specification;inverted-u relationship;econometric result;commodity effects;negative effect;social gains;social value;individual entrepreneur;working-age population;regulatory regime;sample period;index base;regulatory measure;trade flow;temporary protection;export expansion;export concentration;probability value;labor-intensive good;customs delays;merchandise trade;econometric evidence;entrepreneurial finance;large population;social return;regression analysis;private return;merchandise export;empirical regularity;global market;



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