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The identification for development (ID4D) agenda : its potential for empowering women and girls - background paper (Inglês)

Gender inequality and related issues remain a major global challenge, particularly for developing countries. Despite considerable progress on gender equality over recent decades, key gender gaps remain in endowments (health and education), in access to jobs and economic opportunities, and in voice and agency. Lack of data limits ability to assess gender gaps and measure progress toward eliminating them. Successfully addressing the incompleteness of civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems can help fill some of these vital data gaps. In addition, having official personal identification (ID) is an important stepping-stone for women and girls - enabling them to access services, claim their entitlements as citizens, and increase their voice and agency through participation in voting and other politics. Global initiatives such as identification for development (ID4D) promote opportunities to provide women with access to foundational documentation such as birth certificates and expansion of other ways to establish their legal identity. In addition, better data resulting from personal identity registration will advance gender equality policy discussions and planning. This paper examines rates of male and female registration for national identities globally to identify key registration constraints and gaps. The authors find no systematic evidence of gender-based gaps in birth registration; rather, evidence suggests that poverty, social exclusion, and geography may constrain birth registration of both males and females. Drawing on case studies and national-level data, the authors next examine outcomes in specific policy areas: access to financial services, access to social protection schemes, and inclusion in electoral roles and voting. Here, the evidence suggests, adult women face gender-specific barriers in getting ID, sometimes related to inability to obtain foundational documentation such as birth certificates.


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    Dahan,Mariana, Hanmer,Lucia C.

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    Documento de Trabalho

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    Regiões Mundiais,

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    The identification for development (ID4D) agenda : its potential for empowering women and girls - background paper

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    united states agency for international development;Identification for Development;access to financial service;access to social protection;access to information law;information and communication technology;Demographic and Health Survey;food and agriculture organization;gross secondary enrollment rate;equality before the law;birth registration;Gender Equality;voice and agency;digital id;empowerment of woman;gap between boys;gender equality policy;data on women;education for all;form of discrimination;challenges for woman;mother and child;access to job;participation in politics;vital registration system;control of woman;bank account balance;benefits for woman;lives of women;number of adults;gap between girl;sense of identity;cash transfer program;conditional cash transfer;secondary school enrollment;system of subsidy;Complications of Pregnancy;financial service access;labor force participation;unpaid family worker;government and business;gross domestic product;per capita income;lack of interest;access to loan;primary school enrollment;maternal mortality rate;proof of identity;scope of application;vulnerability of woman;discrimination against girl;status of woman;house of representative;overseas development institute;Transport and ICT;accessing health care;birth certificate;Gender Gap;women's empowerment;political participation;civil registration;data gaps;indian states;married man;development policy;emerging technology;informal employment;welfare gains;vital statistic;press release;married woman;personal identification;global development;consensual union;literature review;extreme poverty;citizenship right;gender-specific barrier;gender inequalities;Gender Inequality;financial inclusion;daily activity;legal right;gender norm;digital identity;unique identification;electoral process;negative attitudes;digital world;Digital Literacy;consumer market;women's status;evidence-based policy;privacy legislation;literacy outcome;unmarried woman;enhancing women;commercial market;adult woman;consumer subsidy;fact sheet;legal constraint;rural village;research study;removing restriction;executive branch;gender issue;Data Protection;unintended consequence;electoral participation;digital technology;banking system;digital society;civil right;civil rights;economic empowerment;property right;sexual harassment;full participation;institutional barrier;identification system;increasing consumption;personal communication;country survey;female citizens;evaluation result;global knowledge;ethnic group;public events;indigenous counterpart;property transaction;religious reasons;great power;beneficiary assessment;child education;development partner;legal protection;financial system;insufficient fund;women's health;male relative;advocacy effort;documentation requirement;voter registration;governmental services;gender parity;agricultural productivity;african americans;unique identity;Reproductive Health;primary level;multiple policy;government benefit;social inclusion;Learning and Innovation Credit;innovative solution;mobile device;marginalized group;multiple dimension;benefit administration;Business Registry;biometric authentication;human security;policy relevance;civic initiative;inclusive society;ethnic exclusion;indigenous population;national identity;survey data;personal identity;gender difference;household survey;regional data;social exclusion;gender consideration;international advocacy;divided societies;birth-registration data;



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