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Mortality reduction, fertility decline, and population growth : toward a more relevant assessment of the relationships among them (Inglês)

This discussion responds to the questions of programs to reduce mortality and of how large a change in growth will result from efforts to lower fertility. It considers the influence of the policies or programs in question on mortality and on fertility, and the influence of the resulting fertility or mortality decline on the rate of change in the other. An approach of the sort required to adequately assess these policies or programs is difficult to apply, but its potential significance for policy and program analysis can be illustrated through a few qualitative and crude quantitative examples. These illustrations suggest two propositions to serve as interim guides to action and as hypotheses to be confirmed or disproven through future research. First, most programs and policies undertaken to reduce mortality will produce even larger fertility declines and thus slower growth. And, second, most measures designed to reduce fertility will also result in slower growth, but by an amount that may be significantly less than anticipated on the basis of conventional assessment techniques.


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    Gwatkin, D.

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    Mortality reduction, fertility decline, and population growth : toward a more relevant assessment of the relationships among them

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    Population Growth;mortality decline;fertility reduction;fertility decline;mortality reduction;infant and child mortality;child survival program;change in population size;difference in population;effect on population growth;effectiveness of family planning;links between population growth;Population and Development;rate of mortality;fertility change;Infant Mortality;fast population growth;equitable development;impact on fertility;status of woman;rate of fertility;slow population growth;determinant of fertility;reduction of fertility;decline in mortality;rate of change;primary health care;pattern of development;demand for children;proportion of girl;reductions in mortality;decline in fertility;family planning program;crude birth rate;children at risk;rapid population growth;breast milk substitutes;proportion of income;number of births;public policy perspective;reduction of mortality;application of pesticide;world health organization;restraining population growth;Oral rehydration therapies;increase in population;interval between births;constant share;demographic implications;child spacing;reducing mortality;



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