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Uruguay - Public Services and Social Sectors Structural Adjustment Loan Project (Inglês)

Ratings for the Public Services and Social Sectors Structural Adjustment Loan Project for Uruguay were as follows: outcomes were moderately unsatisfactory, the risk to development outcome was moderate, the Bank performance was moderately satisfactory, and the Borrower performance was moderately satisfactory. Some lessons learned included: The design of the Structural Adjustment Loan (SAL) raises a fundamental question about whether far-reaching structural reforms can best be achieved at a time of deep crisis when conditionality can easily be perceived as an attempt to use external financing as a way to force through policy reforms without popular support. This may be particularly true in consensus driven countries like Uruguay. Sector reforms should be based on a realistic assessment of the political and economic context and the willingness of the people and the government to accept the reform. Discussions with officials of the current and previous administrations during program implementation showed that a program involving policy changes with many different objectives (increased competitiveness, improved performance, reduced costs, increased competition, greater private participation in many sectors, reduced vulnerability to external changes) involves regulatory rules and an institutional framework that can only work with popular support. Tariff increases and other reforms are possible without social upheaval if properly identified and smoothly conducted. The Bank should understand and acknowledge cultural realities and, if needed, accept slowing down some reforms and relaxing some measures and controls.


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    Conclusão da Implementação e Relatórios sobre Resultados

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    América Latina e Caribe,

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    Uruguay - Public Services and Social Sectors Structural Adjustment Loan Project

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    law;petroleum product;legal and regulatory framework;water supply and sanitation;energy and water;water supply and sanitation sector;Obras Sanitarias del Estado;Oriental Republic of Uruguay;general information and communications sector;Postal Services;regulatory accounting;Public Services;private operator;efficiency of investment;loan condition;service and infrastructure;national energy policy;invitation to bid;competitive wholesale power market;railway corporation;gas and petroleum products;Special Structural Adjustment Loan;price petroleum product;regulatory agency for communications;import parity;price of petroleum;quality at entry;mobile phone service;international long distance;source of energy;database administrator;Energy Sector;public expenditure;draft law;Public Utilities;public sector operation;public sector debt;competitive wholesale market;international financial community;borrower's postal services;electric power utility;transport and delivery;Water Resource Management;price of gasoline;national health fund;quality of supervision;social protection reform;area of regulation;national energy strategy;education and health;public limited company;social sector reform;gas and electricity;volume of mail;exchange rate;international oil price;Exchange Rates;assessment of outcome;transmission and distribution;consumer price index;assessment of risk;water supply system;unaccounted for water;general transportation sector;rail infrastructure;outcome targets;domestic development;open access;communication sector;economic crisis;external shock;telephone call;interconnection regulation;private company;government's policy;railway sector;separate account;telecommunication service;rail network;financial system;infrastructure sector;increasing transparency;tax distortion;public company;telecommunications sector;retail distribution;Public Infrastructure;Postal Sector;loan covenant;relative price;program performance;public offer;support measure;monitoring indicator;downstream petroleum;release date;tranche release;financing mechanism;international airport;



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