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Use of country systems for environmental safeguards (Inglês)

This internal background paper has been prepared to help inform the 2010 environment strategy with respect to a proposed way forward on use of country systems (UCS).The World Bank has five years of experience with use of borrower systems for safeguards under Operational Policy (OP) 4.00. On March 18, 2005, following a process of consultation and public comment, the World Bank's executive directors approved the launch of a pilot program to explore using a country's own environmental and social safeguard systems where they are assessed as being equivalent to the Bank's systems, in Bank-supported operations. This background paper investigates: (1) lessons learned from the current OP 4.00 UCS approach; (2) causes of the limited uptake by task team leaders (TTLs) and clients and underlying issues; and (3) recommendations for the way forward on UCS, taking into account recent experience, feedback from staff involved with (or resistant to) the approach, and strategic thinking about current pressures and future developments (i.e. investment lending reform (ILR). This investigation is being carried out in the context of the World Bank Group's (WBG's) environment strategy which is expected to be drafted by autumn 2010 and completed and approved in December 2010. The environment strategy will identify key areas in which the WBG should engage to support its internal and external client base to: (i) more effectively address environmental priorities and move toward greater environmental sustainability; and (ii) identify best approaches to pursue the environmental sustainability of WBG operations. The paper is structured according to the investigation aims: (a) lessons learned; (b) reasons for limited uptake of UCS and underlying issues; and (c) recommendations for the way forward. Document appendices contain an up-to-date list of the UCS pilots in appendix one and sample interview questions in appendix two.


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    Ninio,Alberto, Posas,Paula J., Quintero,Juan D.

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    Regiões Mundiais,

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    Use of country systems for environmental safeguards

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    Environmental and Social Safeguard;Country Systems;Environmental and Social Performance;worker health and safety;environmental and social management;program incentive;millennium development goal;sustainable natural resource management;Social and Environmental Assessment;Environmental and Social Impact;environmental management system;land use planning;international environmental agreement;physical cultural resources;safety of dam;pilot program;Environmental Management Plan;environmental safeguard policy;water conservation program;institutional capacity building;Country Partnership Strategy;effectiveness of aid;Poverty & Inequality;lack of ownership;legislation and regulation;part i countries;regional trade agreement;long-term capacity building;Public Financial Management;grievance redress mechanism;focus group;gap filling;Safeguard Policies;sector managers;operational principle;indigenous people;borrower country;Indigenous Peoples;diagnostic work;pollution prevention;partner country;loan request;rational approach;reputational risk;Borrowing Countries;legal framework;environmental sustainability;common standards;accession country;applicable law;alternative system;social standard;involuntary resettlement;international standard;natural habitat;licensing system;emission level;accession process;enforcing compliance;effective systems;parastatal enterprise;field visits;unfunded mandate;safeguards system;highway construction;environmental outcome;aid agency;private-sector corporations;working condition;client needs;strategic issue;local condition;environmental specialist;independent fund;carbon finance;effective approach;diagnostic tool;donor agencies;Management Systems;international obligation;critical habitat;acceptable standard;project selection;judicial decision;site visits;abatement measure;financial crisis;field work;Cultural Heritage;regulatory mechanism;land acquisition;discussion questions;global environment;international waterway;formal interviews;internal pressure;external pressure;interview questions;informal interview;internal change;environmental performance;environmental instruments;zoning regulation;capacity strengthening;agriculture system;social system;construction standard;inspection procedure;pollution standard;construction activities;environmental supervision;monitoring requirement;mitigation measure;public comment;sound design;construction permit;external client;environmental priority;average cost;development policy;potential exposure;entire portfolio;legal system;complementary policies;global commitment;preparation cost;sustainable way;rural work;highway planner;advanced economy;safeguard approach;electric utilities;investment vehicle;strategic thinking;funding gap;base budget;community drive;legal specialist;positive value;risk assessment;financial intermediaries;international approaches;delivery schedule;diagnostic study;anecdotal evidence;project processing;legal remedy;institutional framework;vulnerable group;aid effectiveness;Conflict Resolution;



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