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FY91 sector review : water supply and sanitation (Inglês)

This annual review of Bank activities in the water and sanitation sector discusses the Bank's lending for FY91, future lending prospects, management of the sector portfolio, and allocation of staffweeks in sector activities. Three major issues stand out as critical and enduring concerns in the sector: 1) water resources management: where delivery systems are inadequate, water is often too expensive or of inadequate quality despite sufficient resources; 2) economic justification and financial sustainability of sectoral investments: project analysis of capacity requirements, components of project design, financial risk, and economic justification must be improved to ensure sustainability; 3) adequacy of sectoral institutions, operational management, and maintenance of existing facilities: poor institutional performance and the need for building institutional capacity must be addressed by the fine-tuning of administrative structures and controls at national levels. The review of FY91 projects indicates a mixed performance in these three areas. Poverty and environmental impacts are addressed in most FY91 projects. Community involvement and the effective contribution of women receive particular attention, especially in rural projects. Environmental impact received serious attention in all projects and, despite constituting a positive feature, proper disposal of sewerage will need continuing attention.

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