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Tanzania - Agricultural Development Program Project : environmental assessment : Environmental and social management framework (Inglês)

This environmental and social management framework for the Tanzania Agricultural Development Program Project identifies potential impacts and proposes measures to mitigate them. The critical environmental problems already facing Tanzania include land degradation; lack of accessible, good quality water; environmental pollution such as water contamination; loss of biodiversity, habitat, and wetlands; deterioration of aquatic systems; and deforestation. It is anticipated that the project will exacerbate these impacts, particularly, diminished land productivity from topsoil loss, soil erosion, surface runoff or contamination, and habitat runoff; water quality degradation from sedimentation, nutrient overload, and inadequate liquid and solid waste disposal; degradation of river beds from river bank erosion, deforestation, landslides and flooding from river siltation; deterioration of watershed; unsustainable land use practices resulting in large-scale habitat destruction, loss of wildlife, and disappearance of national parks; risks to public health-including increased death rates among vulnerable populations due to polluted drinking water; disappearance of unique animal and plant species, decreased forest cover, and loss of genetic base caused by population pressure, lack of control and monitoring, and lack of regulations or poor enforcement of protective laws. The main adverse social issues which could be aggravated include acute poverty; increased illness and death from infectious diseases, such as HIV/AIDS; the vulnerabilities of women and the exclusion of vulnerable groups; lack of access to social services and micro-finance. A number of standard mitigations to reduce these risks will be used, including training in soil conservation methods, restoring and building new anti-erosion infrastructure, introducing crop rotation, controlling bush burning and fires, preventing gully formation, promoting public health and hygiene, management of household waste and solid waste, enforcing pollution control laws, locating sub-project away from water sources, promoting alternative energy sources, strengthening natural resource management, decreasing overgrazing, promoting agro-forestry, protecting species, establishing buffer zones, protecting soil surfaces during construction, daily site cleaning, damping down dust, suitably storing building materials, locating latrines safely from wells and using closed sewage drainage systems, restricting construction times, periodic monitoring, and providing social services.


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    Environmental and social management framework

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    Environmental and Social Management Plan;Environmental and Social Impact;annual renewable water resource;local government authority;market development;millennium development goal;decentralization of service delivery;access to asset;loss of asset;loss of income;flora and fauna;large scale irrigation;provision of service;farmer;Program of Activities;surface water resource;small scale irrigation;fruit and vegetable;large commercial enterprise;private sector involvement;water source contamination;resettlement action plan;annual mean rainfall;small scale technology;total catchment area;availability of water;main river system;capacity for implementation;rural financial market;small urban centres;social and environmental;operations and maintenance;private sector provider;public extension service;private service provider;demand for water;tropical coastal areas;zonal agricultural research;direct budget support;irrigation scheme;Safeguard Policies;safeguard policy;development partner;mountain range;water right;dry season;agricultural growth;water pollution;water harvesting;rainy season;baseline data;budget process;mountain area;rainfall pattern;land degradation;dry area;natural habitat;level of support;agricultural service;irrigation development;disposal management;water quality;government capital;transaction cost;basket fund;transfer system;external agencies;competitive grant;agricultural knowledge;farm productivity;investment priority;Investment priorities;operational process;agriculture research;ground water;market efficiency;animal diversity;hydropower generation;Water Management;plant species;species loss;subsistence farmer;regulatory function;project types;land loss;sea level;Agricultural Extension;commercial activity;freshwater availability;participatory planning;Agricultural Investment;mitigation measure;irrigation engineers;sector expenditure;South East;drainage system;local ngo;institutional framework;strategic issue;Natural Resources;agricultural sector;institutional measure;farm income;block grant;river flow;central regions;water hyacinth;irrigated area;land surface;total water;rain shadow;coastal belt;small island;scale enterprise;wetland system;mangrove swamp;continental shelf;commercial farm;hydropower station;game reserve;high diversity;forest reserve;inland water;climatic condition;rainfall increase;sustainable way;groundwater recharge;rainfall amount;extreme variation;water runoff;vegetation cover;surface runoff;mountain systems;freshwater withdrawal;drainage water;lake basins;catchment characteristics;flood plain;runoff pattern;basin area;annual precipitation;environmental problem;water extraction;drier parts;aquatic biodiversity;annual rainfall;coastal rivers;desert area;large irrigation;technology choice;decentralized system;cultivated area;irrigation facility;diversion structure;canal intake;irrigation canal;individual farmer;vegetable garden;geographic coverage;smallholder irrigation;government control;rice irrigation;export commodity;private enterprise;pilot activities;earmarked grant;Proposed Investment;soil profile;local skills;irrigation infrastructure;international market;empowerment activity;competitive basis;research provider;fund research;funding requirements;irrigation potential;highland areas;high financing;supplementary irrigation;productivity gain;agricultural incentive;commercial agriculture;enabling environment;contract farming;vertical integration;development operation;indigenous people;cultural property;public involvement;social planning;environmental specialist;resettlement plan;environmental law;River basin;soil erosion;crop price;watershed management;land acquisition;irrigation site;water storage;involuntary resettlement;Indigenous Peoples;mountainous area;high precipitation;international border;irrigation service;flood recession;water application;Government Outsourcing;public health;social concern;rural income;construction planning;engineering design;civil works;cumulative impact



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