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Rapid urban environmental assessment : lessons from cities in the developing world : Report summary and reform mesures (Inglês)

The 1992 United Nations Conference on the Environment and Development Earth Summit concluded that the environmental problems of the world's growing urban population need attention; however, the 1993 Ford Foundation-supported evaluation of urban research in developing countries noted that scant data are available on the urban environment, as little research has been done on this topic. Thus, there is a need for environmental action at the local level, but there is little solid information available for building public commitment, planning, and decision making. One solution for resolving this contradiction is to apply the methodology for rapid urban environmental assessment that is developed in this report. The methodology has been explicitly designed to be low cost, rapid, locally managed, and participatory; it is also a possible starting point for environmental planning and management. The first volume in this set is designed for an audience of urban managers, policy makers, analysts, and researchers. It presents the techniques, summarizes results from applying the approach in a selected number of cities, and suggests future directions and improvements. The volume provides: information on the development of the methodology. The second volume details the tools that can be applied in the field by practitioners and researchers. The tools consist of an urban environmental data questionnaire, environmental profile, and guidelines for consultation.


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    Leitmann, Josef

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    Report summary and reform mesures

  • Palavras-chave

    urban environmental assessment;urban environmental management strategy;environmental quality in city;urban environmental data collection;occupational and environmental health;inadequate solid waste management;urban environmental problem;urban environmental profile;long-term environmental goals;urban environmental issue;environmental action plan;third world city;agreement on issue;environmental quality goals;building public commitment;rapid rural appraisal;water resource problem;urban land use;urban waste management;alleviation of poverty;biochemical oxygen demand;industrial pollution control;ambient air pollution;injuries from accidents;urban environmental quality;urban environmental activity;environmental problem solving;diversity of city;gap in knowledge;urban poverty alleviation;quality of work;exchanges of experience;urban environmental strategy;surface water pollution;resource management plan;degree of poverty;world health organization;level of wealth;devolution of authority;capacity building component;unit of measurement;health and environment;marginal cost pricing;local government official;household energy consumption;hazardous waste facility;supply and sanitation;hazardous waste management;energy and power;water supply sewerage;large metropolitan areas;water quality monitoring;water and sewerage;hazardous waste policy;urban environmental intervention;industrial waste disposal;urban environmental action;source of funding;health care system;impact on health;geographic information system;land use regulation;urban air pollution;private sector delivery;urban energy consumption;solid waste service;sewage treatment plant;types of city;strategic approach;urban research;urban development;rapid assessment;Environmental Planning;environmental condition;



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