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Towards an integrated market for seeds and fertilizers in West Africa (Inglês)

To improve farmer access to quality seeds and fertilizers, West African governments have been working through economic community of West African states (ECOWAS) and other regional organizations to develop harmonized rules for input trade for many years. After extensive consultations, regional regulations based on advanced international standards have mostly been agreed upon and are already helping to guide quality improvements in some countries. Despite these encouraging signs, most countries do not currently have the physical capacity or institutional structures needed to implement the agreed trade rules which will take considerable time and investment to develop. The analysis, therefore, points to a need for pragmatic solutions that are easy for individual countries or groups of countries to implement in the near term while longer-term progress towards full harmonization continues.


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    Ayoola, Gbolagade, Dimithe,Georges, Eilitta,Marjatta, Keyser,John C., Sene,Louis

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    Documento de Trabalho

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    Western Africa,

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  • Nome do documento

    Towards an integrated market for seeds and fertilizers in West Africa

  • Palavras-chave

    protection of intellectual property right;institution need;strategy for west africa;conflicts over land use;quality control procedure;economies of scale;quality control system;private seed company;international good practice;regional regulation;procurement and distribution;country of origin;agricultural research system;lack of resource;quality planting material;agriculture research institutes;phytosanitary import requirement;private sector involvement;Promoting Private Sector;effective decision making;country case study;intellectual property rights;majority of farmer;production of soybean;household food security;demand for food;small scale farmer;model of growth;degraded natural resources;risk based approaches;quality control standards;high crop yield;international standards organization;genetically modified organism;errors of fact;fertilizer quality control;large urban areas;improved seed;trade rule;seed trade;variety release;input trade;maize seed;seed certification;breeder seed;certified seed;private competition;foundation seed;food staple;input supply;seed quality;private company;farmers uses;seed crop;input subsidy;supply chain;fertilizer use;extensive consultation;plant breeder;soil type;farm productivity;subsidy programs;private involvement;harmonized rule;knowledge platform;breeding program;quality seed;input market;input use;regional collaboration;transport cost;fertilizer type;quality improvement;border delays;heavily dependent;rainfall pattern;physical nature;fertilizer trade;field days;limited resources;staple food;commercial market;plant product;area expansion;raw material;agriculture production;donor support;seed technology;certification procedure;government spending;regional harmonization;public body;demonstration plots;public research;small farmer;farmer choice;seed system;regional market;seed supply;international systems;reform effort;effective regulatory;competitive market;fertilizer distribution;urea production;genetic material;research station;marketing strategies;surplus food;trade ban;field trial;global food;field visits;commercial seed;bulk commodity;yellow maize;food crop;private ownership;inorganic fertilizer;cash crop;resource constraint;small country;private supply;complementary action;farm input;extension service;crop research;national requirement;registration procedure;intervening factor;local market;nutrient status;import side;production chain;male sterility;genetic purity;controlled condition;fertilizer market;moisture content;soil analysis;adaptive research;small area;plant health;inspection visit;government subsidy;plant disease;coastal port;fertilizer production;market size;yield gain;domestic supply;phosphate rock;market demand;road freight;seed industry;water damage;private initiative;smallholder farmer;noxious weed;global companies;world market;production process;coastal area;correct procedures;maize variety;enforcement capacity;market integration;production gain;seed producer;soil productivity;average yield;sweet potato;information gap;yield advantage;hybrid seed;formal sector;potential demand;agricultural input;fertilizer regulation;national regulation;removing barriers;trade condition;strategic areas;increased spending;exclusive access;competitive mechanism;private operator;seed production;national institute;industrial crop;food requirement;geographic region;seed regulation;regional balance;urban population;productivity gain;own seed;maize yield;farmer income;local condition;scarce resource;food trade;formal regulation;regional body;national legislation;physical capacity;tolerance limits;yield improvement;soil fertility;food import;input price;regulatory resource;Intra-regional Trade;long-term harmonization;mutual recognition;consumer confidence;laboratory equipment;trade costs;crop input;trade expert;trade volume;advanced country;administrative support;harmonization effort;regulation demand;regulatory capacity;legal instrument;



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