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Ghana - Northern Savanna Biodiversity Conservation Project : environmental assessment (Inglês)

The project has strong positive environmental objectives, as it seeks to improve the environment, livelihood, and conservation of natural resources, including medicinal plants, by addressing human-induced impacts on land, forest, and wildlife resources. However, activities under various components may lead to land degradation, deforestation, and desertification, which are the most pervasive environmental, and natural resources management issues in Ghana. Mitigation measures include: 1) Community-based land use models should be introduced to make optimal use in each pilot community, by integrating modern technologies, with traditional local experiences. As such, land, and water management can be utilized to maximize agricultural savanna areas. 2) Alternative livelihoods should be developed for the northern savanna zone, to help create jobs, and opportunities for cash income among the poorest rural groups, particularly during the dry season. Thus, the promotion of gum Arabic from Acacia Senegal would create commercial potential, while the trees also provide forage, support honey production, and the use of tannin, and, a baseline survey should identify products of commercial value. 3) Vegetation propagation of native species of plants should be encouraged for ecological tolerance, resistance, and adaptation to the local environment. 4) Bushfire control may affect biodiversity, thus, an early burning regime may be introduced, but as a first step towards a no burning regime.


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    Acheampong, A.B.

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    Ghana - Northern Savanna Biodiversity Conservation Project : environmental assessment

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    Convention on International Trade;Environmental and Social Impact;sustainable use of wildlife;loss of vegetative cover;conservation of biological diversity;source of drinking water;project design and implementation;Natural Resource Management;medicinal plant cultivation;crop and livestock;junior secondary school;provision of fund;pilot site;wild animal;health care needs;traditional birth attendant;income generating activity;conservation of biodiversity;Full Environmental Assessment;maintenance of ecosystem;civil society involvement;protection of human;civil society institution;sustainable resource management;species of animal;capacity of community;ownership of land;segments of society;aids related death;significant adverse impact;source of food;food security situation;provision of credit;civil society organisation;district planning;unit of production;medicinal plant conservation;land use system;improved land management;wildlife resource management;Science and Technology;involvement of communities;conditions of access;natural resource use;high forest biodiversity;convention on biodiversity;protection of biodiversity;management of biodiversity;pattern of ownership;cost of maintenance;land use model;volume of water;Integrated Pest Management;renewable natural resource;human food supply;land management system;biodiversity conservation strategies;loss of asset;communal grazing land;deterioration of pastures;annual average rainfall;dry climatic conditions;dry season;crop varieties;forest reserve;crop variety;Natural Resources;communal land;ecological zone;potable water;plant species;sacred grove;herbal medicine;gallery forest;protected area;bush meat;rainy season;indigenous farmer;bird species;introduced varieties;health post;poverty alleviation;alternative livelihood;crop farm;community level;reserve management;mitigation measure;ecosystem maintenance;land surface;water resource;land degradation;mobile clinic;degraded lands;traditional rights;farming season;district assembly;social privilege;renewable resource;rural community;special protection;demographic characteristic;indigenous crop;subsistence farmer;livestock grazing;reserve areas;wildlife species;ethnic origin;sound management;biophysical data;community land;communal forest;human population;environmental objective;agricultural specialist;management responsibility;insect fauna;compensation payment;farming technology;baseline information;communal pasture;cattle grazing;bride price;traditional authority;forest fringe;farm produce;grazing right;cattle owner;social concern;irrigation agriculture;annual festivals;ground water;cattle husbandry;farm land;bush fire;human habitation;administrative region;forage crop;primary data;community knowledge;charcoal production;water harvesting;hay production;participating community;alcoholic drink;sustainable biodiversity;dry cereal;sustainable production;ecosystem integrity;participatory mechanism;natural barrier;collaborative effort;customary tenure;land conservation;ancient times;animal corridor;degraded areas;grinding mills;ecological process;waterborne disease;health facility;literacy level;animal species;reserved forest;reserve land;animal population;intended beneficiary;subsistence farming;education campaign;health awareness;social work;public awareness;sea level;Population Density;biodiversity change;soil productivity;ethnic group;sandy loam;average height;indigenous knowledge;endangered wildlife;open savanna;short grass;female ratio;livestock herder;illegal activities;social issue;guinea fowl;agriculture production;basic infrastructure;mammal species;severe weather;rural population;agricultural practice;agricultural land;common good;family land;field visits;savanna woodlands;physiographic regions;large population;opinion leaders;youth group;sustainable benefits;medicinal products;government institution;wood fuel;savanna ecosystem;crop growth;open access;wood industry;health status;matrix analysis;surface water;traditional healer



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