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Trade facilitation in the Caucasus : final report (Inglês)

From 15 May to 2 June 2000 COWI conducted a mission to the three Caucasian republics of Azerbaijan, Georgia and Armenia, spending about one week in each country. The mission established an initial overview of trade facilitation issues and conducted an outline Trade Facilitation Audit for the region. The purpose of the mission was to prepare for possible progress towards the re-opening of borders in the region, in the event that a peace agreement is reached in Nagorno-Karabakh. This chapter commences by summarizing some of the most interesting facts, relating to the movement of a generic consignment in the Caucasus region, which emerged from the discussions with stakeholders during the mission. Section 1.2 addresses what can be considered the key issue of the study; namely, whether, in the event of peace, the region would realize the maximum potential benefit, given the current institutional and operational context. A subsidiary issue is whether all the constituent countries in the region would benefit, or whether some would suffer some initial dis-benefits. The final section of this chapter provides a summary of the key regional and national recommendations, which have been identified to try and ensure that the potential benefits of any settlement are not dissipated in the current institutional and operational mire. A more detailed breakdown of the provisional recommendations, by component and sub-component, together with an estimate of the required inputs, is provided in Appendix B.


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    Revisão institucional e da governança (IGR)

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    Europa e Ásia Central,

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    Europa e Ásia Central,

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    Trade facilitation in the Caucasus : final report

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    general agreement on tariffs and trade;institutional strengthening;total number of vehicle;free trade zone;benefits of peace;social and environmental;limited resources;border crossing;national customs;Oil and Gas;Oil & Gas;cost of credit;price of transport;international standard;point of entry;risk assessment procedures;small scale production;export credit guarantee;chamber of commerce;private sector representative;receipt of payment;main trade route;growth in traffic;price of oil;number of stakeholders;trade facilitation issues;standard of living;lack of resource;lines of communication;regional trading partners;supply of electricity;bill of lading;transit traffic;private parties;public authority;road condition;grievance procedure;raw material;local counterpart;financial appraisal;demand forecast;private party;market analysis;physical measure;domestic destination;domestic economy;product analysis;trade statistic;Natural Resources;small sample;import tax;agricultural sector;facilitation payment;state revenue;licence plate;railway line;clearing customs;national economy;clearance procedure;peace settlement;Command economy;legal base;customs warehouse;potential contribution;oil product;cargo terminal;International Trade;transport cost;consumer durable;electrical equipment;economic recovery;modern technology;political tension;political upheaval;food product;passenger flow;beneficial impact;agricultural production;semi-precious stone;road charge;international competitiveness;bank's standard;food processing;geographical area;Conflict Resolution;real gdp;citrus fruit;dairy product;regional hub;customs official;Extractive Industry;funding source;regional context;ship fleet;vertical disintegration;metal product;incentive structure;foreign company;aviation fuel;customs broker;customs code;traffic regulation;freight forwarder;machine tool;independent board;environmental problem;energy requirement;small hydropower;transport equipment;industrial sector;skilled labor;skilled labour;primary source;clearance process;partial coverage;diplomatic mission;national railway;bank statement;international agency;private company;technical equipment;communications system;domestic service;government revenue;export licence;accounting procedure;geographical position;export sector;trade development;frequent interruption;formal communication;customs declaration;resource base;local branch;Tax Code;bank's guidelines;regional initiative;international investor;national programmes;customs facility;physical difficulty;electronic infrastructure;international integration;raise revenues;specific issue;formal consultation;endemic problems;customs experts;legal trade;public official;privatisation process;rolling stock;speed restriction;rail infrastructure;physical capacity;road infrastructure;alternative route;power supply;import duty;export consignment;insurance companies;national training;domestic demand;state budget;international norm;legal basis;refresher course;access road;peace agreement;visual inspection;



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