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Analyzing Flooding Impacts on Rural Access to Hospitals and Other Critical Services in Rural Cambodia Using Geo-Spatial Information and Network Analysis (Inglês)

Transport connectivity in Cambodia is challenged by its geography and exposure to recurrent flooding. Flood events create severe disruptions in segments of the transport network that undermine access to health, education, and work opportunities as well as create barriers to economic growth. Rural accessibility to emergency health facilities and delivery of medicines and basic food supplies is particularly critical in times of major health crises, such as the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak. This paper provides a method to quantify the impact of flooding on hospital access and other critical facilities, aiming to support governments on setting up health emergency mitigation plans for rural transport in an environment with high flood risk. The method was piloted in three provinces in rural Cambodia, estimating that for 37 percent of the people on those provinces, it takes more than 60 minutes to reach an emergency health facility. During floods, 27 percent lose all access and 18 percent experience an increase of 30 minutes in travel time. In conclusion, this method introduces transparency and evidence-based support for prioritization of rural transport investment, identifies the social benefits (health and education) of rural infrastructure investments, and supports policy dialogue on rural development and resilience.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Espinet Alegre,Xavier, Stanton-Geddes,Zuzana, Aliyev,Sadig

  • Data do documento

    2020/05/28

  • TIpo de documento

    Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas

  • No. do relatório

    WPS9262

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Camboja,

  • Região

    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

  • Data de divulgação

    2020/05/28

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    Analyzing Flooding Impacts on Rural Access to Hospitals and Other Critical Services in Rural Cambodia Using Geo-Spatial Information and Network Analysis

  • Palavras-chave

    international food policy research institute; lack of access to markets; agricultural production; flood; high school; access to basic service; road asset management system; Environmental and Social Impact; impact of climate change; maternal health service; access to health facility; social and economic recovery; data collection and analysis; access to health care; access to hospital; reduction in travel; human capital development; rural road investment; impact of flood; rural road network; financial sector specialist; hydraulic design; rural area; time to market; rural infrastructure investment; low population density; Access to Education; term of people; rural transport investment; climate resilience; rural accessibility; rural road improvement; child mortality rate; school attendance rate; flood risk map; mode of transportation; loss of asset; disruption of trade; climate change projections; access to water; technical assistance program; accessibility to school; efficiency of investment; roads and water; urban road network; concepts of accessibility; vehicles per day; road surface condition; social and environmental; community health center; location of school; Transport and ICT; million people; local construction practices; types of road; accessibility to employment; inland waterway transport; disaster risk management; climate vulnerability; referral hospitals; regional market; flood event; new investment; climate impact; rainy season; project intervention; network analysis; supply chain; baseline scenario; input data; flood map; climate disruption; emergency service; spatial analysis; rural population; transportation research; agricultural travel; vulnerability analysis; rainfall event; water depth; emergency health; health emergency; road transport; lack of alternative; market access; main road; Public Transport; recent studies; infrastructure sector; open source; flood level; flood zone; Gender Equality; Research Support; value use; spatial distribution; low resolution; agricultural data; conservative approach; household survey; housing rent; available data; flood season; development policy; road access; urban setting; panel regression; regional variability; sustainable infrastructure; sectoral strategy; local market; spatial autocorrelation; open access; water level; agricultural sector; travel mode; local consultation; rural health; road design; transport planning; heavy rain; equal weight; return period; new technology; transport geography; accessibility constraint; emergency medical; age population; high flood; flood plain; flood water; education center; road finance; road type; eligibility criterion; other development; urban context; joint product; mitigation plans; flood impacts; road base; climate analysis; health crises; urban job; rural context; need assessment; social network; climate event; Proposed Investment; safeguard screen; basic food; natural disaster; program leader; rural investment; road agency; rural parts; road infrastructure; monsoon season; traditional methods; extreme precipitation; agricultural land; urban development; temperature increase; Business Continuity; rural community; transport operation; poverty impact; financial resource; government strategy; business interruption; business census; medical supply; medical response; financing institution; financing plan; recent years; road operating; poor infrastructure; water source; employment opportunities; employment opportunity; current investment; regional economy; irrigation infrastructure; total damages; deep uncertainty; physical accessibility; population study; connectivity improvement; dry season; resilient infrastructure; Financing plans; disaster-prone country; vulnerable countries; rural farmer; nonmotorized transport; infrastructure connectivity; social gains; socioeconomic benefits; transport accessibility; mitigation measure

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