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Cambodia - Reaching the people : Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) in health - budget year 2003-2004 (Cambojano)

The objective of the study was to help the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) to diagnose issues and propose directions for improving effectiveness and efficiency of public financing in the health sector. The report has eight chapters, including this introductory chapter. The second chapter on research methodology discusses the design of quantitative and qualitative survey instruments, survey implementation issues and how the Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) dealt with data constraints. The third chapter describes the current regulations on public expenditure management pertinent to the subjects reviewed by the PETS, including the national and the Ministry of Health budget planning and execution processes. The fourth chapter discusses resource flows in the health sector, including the allocation of the government health budget between the centre and provinces and actual expenditures at various sub-national levels. The resources include cash from the government budget, resources distributed in kind (drugs and supplies) as well as donor support and user fee revenues. The fifth chapter discusses resource management issues, including general constraints, procedures and implementation, cash shortages, delays and leakages as well as respective coping strategies. The sixth chapter discusses the results of the PETS review of utilization of health facilities, in particular gender mix and impact of distance of patients' residence on service utilization. The seventh chapter discusses the conclusions and recommendations arising from the study. The report also includes annexes with the terms of reference for the study and the survey instruments.


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    Outro estudo sobre saúde

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    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

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    Cambodia - Reaching the people : Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) in health - budget year 2003-2004

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    absenteeism, accountability, accountability arrangements, accountability mechanisms, accounting, adequate incentives, aggregate expenditure, allocating public resources, allocation, audit system, audit systems, basic health services, beds, beneficiaries, budget allocation, Budget Circular, budget constraints, Budget Execution, budget execution procedures, budget expenditure, budget formulation, budget formulation process, budget information, Budget Management, Budget Planning, budget process, Budget Strategy, Budget year, budgeting process, capacity building, capacity building program, cash flows, cash management, catchment population, central budget, chart of accounts, Child Health, civil servants, civil service, Competitive Bidding, competitive procurement, cost of service, costs of government, data availability, data entry, data quality, data reliability, decentralization, decision making, decision-making, decision-making authority, delivery of health services, delivery of services, diagnostic tool, direct expenditures, donor agencies, donor funding, Donor Funds, economic growth, education system, effectiveness of Government, essential health care, exercises, expenditure allocations, expenditure categories, expenditure decisions, expenditure tracking surveys, external audit, Fiduciary Assessment, fiduciary risk, Finance Management, Finance Ministry, Finance staff, financial management, financial management information, financial management information system, financial management systems, Financial resources, Government Budget, Government finance, health administration, Health Care, health care facilities, health centers, health centre, Health Departments, Health Expenditure, Health Expenditures, health facilities, health financing, health indicators, Health Information, Health Information System, health insurance, Health Organization, health outcomes, health policy, health problems, health professionals, Health program, health programs, health providers, Health Sector, health service, health service delivery, Health service providers, Health service utilization, HEALTH SERVICES, health system, health system performance, health systems, HIV/AIDS, hospital performance, hospital utilization, hospitals, Human Development, human resources, income, Infectious Diseases, internal control, internal control systems, Leprosy, market prices, medical doctors, medical supplies, medicines, Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Finance, mortality, national budget, national policy, national priorities, operational costs, operational expenditures, patient, patients, performance contracts, performance indicators, performance review, performance targets, price information, primary health care, private providers, private sector, probability, program budgeting, program expenditure, programs, Provincial Expenditure, Provincial Level, provincial levels, Public Expenditure, PUBLIC EXPENDITURE MANAGEMENT, public expenditure policy, Public Expenditure Review, Public Expenditure Tracking, public expenditures, Public Finance, public finances, Public Financial Management, Public Financial Management System, public funds, public health, public health administration, public health programs, public health services, Public Procurement, public sector, public spending, quality assurance, quality of services, red tape, Reform program, reproductive health, research methods, resource allocation, Resource Flows, RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, revenue planning, school management, secondary schools, sector budget, service delivery, service delivery functions, service provider, service providers, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, social indicators, total expenditure, transparency, transparent budgets, treasury system, Tuberculosis, uniforms, vaccination, wage expenditures, workers



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