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Population, family planning and reproductive health policy harmonization in Bangladesh (Inglês)

Over the past 30 years, Bangladesh has achieved significant economic and human development progress, and demonstrated impressive policy as well as programmatic commitment to lowering the fertility level. However, its future socioeconomic prospects may be hampered by its population growth rate, depending on how quickly the fertility rates decline and at which point they stabilize. Projections estimate that the total population of Bangladesh in 2051 could increase to 218.1 million under a laissez faire projection scenario and 201.3 million under an accelerated fertility transition (AFT) scenario. This difference would have significant impacts on public spending, public services, and job creation. An AFT scenario would enable the country to improve the dependency ratios – possibly resulting in economic benefits from harnessing the demographic dividend for several decades. To accelerate the demographic transition, the government will need to revitalize high-level coordination to ensure multisectoral engagement in population policies, including increasing the age at marriage, and improving education, skills development, job creation, and social safety nets for the vulnerable population groups. In addition, a sustained decline in fertility through increased access and coverage of family planning (FP) services is crucial, mainly by focusing on lagging regions and hard-to-reach areas, and by expanding the supply and provision of FP long acting and permanent methods. Strengthening the synergy and coordination of service delivery between the Health and FP directorates by building capacity for systems strengthening; promoting cross-referral between programs; and efficient provisioning of FP and reproductive health services through community clinics need to remain at the forefront of the government’s health improvement efforts in Bangladesh.


  • Autor

    El-Saharty, Sameh; Zunaid-Ahsan, Karar; May, John F.

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    Documento de Trabalho

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    Sul da Ásia,

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    Population, family planning and reproductive health policy harmonization in Bangladesh

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    fertility decline;unmet need for family planning;children per woman;fertility transition;dependency ratio;replacement level;unmet need for contraception;demographic dividend;population momentum;Population Projection;Population Growth;Antenatal Care;maternal and child health;age at marriage;maternal mortality ratio;fertility level;Demographic and Health Survey;modern family planning methods;reproductive health service;reproductive health program;contraceptive method;age structure;life expectancy at birth;infant and child mortality;decline in fertility;total fertility rate;gross domestic product;Job Creation;Demographic Transition;higher level of education;demand for family planning;Reproductive and Maternal Health;early age at marriage;rate of population growth;Maternal and Newborn Health;annual population growth rate;Human Resources for Health;Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome;average number of child;health sector reform program;antenatal and postnatal care;shortage of health worker;family planning program;determinant of fertility;skilled birth attendance;future population growth;youth bulge;injectable contraceptive;permanent contraceptive methods;private sector provision;gross national income;public health measures;family planning trend;replacement of generation;reducing maternal mortality;implications for health;contraceptive prevalence rate;Population Policy;Population Aging;geographic distribution;live birth;early marriage;crude birth rate;public health policy;contributory pension schemes;social assistance program;curative health care;child health service;reproductive health care;issues of population;access to contraceptive;family planning activities;community health worker;point of service;health and nutrition;Health Service Delivery;per capita income;Population Age structure;reproductive health outcomes;skilled birth attendants;age of marriage;effective family planning;human development indicator;child immunization rate;rapid population growth;vulnerable population group;infrastructure and services;existing family planning;service delivery system;decline of fertility;Social Safety Nets;proportion of woman;reproductive health issue;impact of population;young married women;share of work;education and health;comments and feedback;life expectancy rate;reproductive health policy;net reproduction rate;number of daughters;wealth quintile;fertility reduction;demographic challenge;demographic factor;Population Density;young age;Birth Spacing;contraceptive discontinuation;pregnant woman;elderly care;Public Spending;replacement-level fertility;demography;



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