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Modeling migration dynamics in Albania : a hazard function approach (Inglês)

Since 1990 migration flows from Albania have been massive, relative to the size of the country and its population, but they have also fluctuated over time. This paper presents and discusses various descriptive trends, mainly in graphical form. The data come from the Albanian Living Standards Measurement Survey, 2005 round, and cover the period 1990-2004. The resulting observed trends reflect changing push and pull factors in Albania and the two main host countries, Greece and Italy. The paper also presents a hazard approach to modeling Albanian emigration and return migration. This analysis highlights, among other things, the relevance of networks in Albanian migration dynamics, both to promote emigration and to delay return.


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    Azzarri,Carlo, Carletto,Calogero

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    Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas

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    Europa e Ásia Central,

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    Modeling migration dynamics in Albania : a hazard function approach

  • Palavras-chave

    impact of migration on poverty;temporary migrant;policy dialogue on migration;composition of migration flows;country of destination;permanent migrants;number of adults;determinants of migration;types of migration;years of schooling;flow of migrants;place of origin;mountain region;proportion of female;country of origin;households with migrants;restrictive migration policies;international migration flow;number of emigrants;stages of migration;loss of property;loss of job;illness and death;international migration review;centrally planned economy;importance of remittance;source income;number of women;source of income;foreign direct investment;development research group;social assistance program;migration episode;Temporary Migration;average age;migrant network;pyramid scheme;return migration;hazard function;rural area;educational level;permanent migration;migration cycle;household head;source country;return migrant;older migrants;positive coefficient;household size;pull factor;migration model;central regions;migration process;saving scheme;vertical line;household level;family reunification;education level;migrant household;permanent emigrants;migration history;destination country;coastal region;poor household;external migration;migration trend;severe poverty;business ownership;total migration;push factor;dependency ratio;poverty headcount;educated migrants;hazard rate;poverty gap;brain gain;work migration;national strategy;spatial analysis;family network;internal mobility;duration analysis;functional analysis;old females;education variable;permanent residence;econometric analysis;income strategy;demographic composition;asset position;potential migrant;asset index;spatial disparities;educated people;transition economy;occupational mobility;massive migration;positive impact;descriptive statistic;social inclusion;household-level shocks;property loss;job loss;wealth index;massive exodus;migration network;coping strategy;individual decision;market economy;dichotomous choice;policy perspective;dynamic process;empirical model;functional specifications;poverty indicator;remittance flow;female migrant;migration pattern;migration decision;migration experience;future remittance;fair share;television channel;effective strategy;future migration;human capital;entrepreneurial skill;foreign earnings;external flows;empirical evidence;demographic shift;unemployment ratio;short-term migrant;Transition economies;increasing share;rising unemployment;technology adoption;foreign exchange;labour market;household composition;Social Sciences;empirical application;unemployment spell;demographic characteristic;estimation technique;biomedical research;migrant regularization;migrant spouses;headed household;early migration;collected information;older individual;longer distance;migrant flow;international migrant;considerable difference;suitable candidate;large-scale migration;hazard analysis;national economy;causality direction;household characteristic;household demographics;hazard model;dynamic nature;domestic crisis;financial situation;urban dweller;migration path;Brain Drain;white-collar worker;migration strategy;sustained level;



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