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Achieving energy savings by intelligent transportation systems investments in the context of smart cities (Inglês)

Faced with the challenge of providing adequate transport services with limited resources, cities have, for several decades, been investing in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). ITS utilize Information and Communications Technology (ICT) to make more efficient use of existing transport infrastructure with the aim of improving transport services and reducing congestion, accidents, and air pollution. In the past two decades, with the rapid advancement of ICT and intensive advocacy from big technology vendors, the concept of ‘smart cities’ has gained great popularity and many cities have started to undertake a more holistic approach to improving urban services using technology in the name of smart city initiatives. Section two introduces these themes, which serve as the analytical framework to understand how smart mobility investments lead to energy savings. The comparison in the search for similarities among the case studies and interviews helped us develop a conceptual model, emphasizing cause and effect and presented in section three, of how ITS deployment and operation in the context of smart cities leads to energy saving benefits. This conceptual model is presented with detailed discussions of institutional, technological, and physical conditions at each step in the model. Section four focuses on energy savings with quantitative evidence of energy saving potential of ITS investments collected from literature and case studies. Section five links the results of this study to the Wuhan Integrated Transport Development Project and how the knowledge has been incorporated into project design. To further explore the energy efficiency potential of Wuhan and to mainstream ITS and smart transport solutions as a source of achieving energy efficiency using results of this study, a TRACE analysis was also completed as part of this research effort. This analysis focused on the passenger transport sector. Finally, policy recommendations on the major conditions under which ITS investments in the context of smart cities achieve energy savings are summarized in Section 6 with specific implications for cities in the developing countries.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Chen,Yang, Ardila Gomez,Arturo, Frame, G.

  • Data do documento

    2016/04/28

  • TIpo de documento

    Documento de Trabalho

  • No. do relatório

    ACS18048

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    China,

  • Região

    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

  • Data de divulgação

    2016/07/28

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    Achieving energy savings by intelligent transportation systems investments in the context of smart cities

  • Palavras-chave

    smart cities;mobility solution;information and communication technology;freedom of information law;greenhouse gas emission reduction;conceptual model;mobility initiative;physical condition;passenger transport sector;international good practice;capacity of city;technical assistance program;cost benefit analysis;climate change mitigation;passenger road transport;private sector association;national technical standards;access to information;future travel demand;flow of data;public transport service;internet of things;availability of transport;variable message sign;geographic information system;bus and taxis;congestion on road;electronic toll collection;public transport operation;energy efficiency intervention;traffic management measure;risk of conflict;public sector inefficiency;total energy use;mobility problem;information service;mobility investment;private company;Open Data;institutional condition;urban service;transport solution;transportation solution;research effort;Data Integration;social network;functional specifications;holistic approach;software developer;financial bid;

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