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Nicaragua : sustainable off-grid electricity service delivery mechanisms (Inglês)

Reducing poverty in Nicaragua requires special attention to rural areas because the majority of Nicaragua's poor live in the countryside. Improving access to electricity in those areas is key to economic growth and increased quality of life. In Nicaragua, three quarters of the rural population have no electricity service. About half of the total unserved households can be reached through grid extension, which is done best through the existing and new private distribution companies. However, the majority of households in rural areas are too far away from the existing grid and/or too dispersed to allow for economically viable grid extension. For those households, off grid electrification is a solution. This study provide recommendations regarding the organization of electrification services in two off grid areas and a general financial sensibility analysis of various technical options, providing thus sound pre- feasibility information. The study's scope includes market surveys, stakeholder consultations, identification of micro-business opportunities and social applications made possible by electrification, technical project design and economic analysis, and a financial cash flow analysis to determine the conditions under which the service provision business would be attractive to the private sector.


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    Barnes,Douglas French, De Gouvello,Christophe, INEC, Mathieu,Pierre, Sterzinger,George J., Torres,Jose Eddy

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    América Latina e Caribe,

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    Nicaragua : sustainable off-grid electricity service delivery mechanisms

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    Internal rate of return;Electricity;rural area;operation and maintenance cost;access to safe water;population living in poverty;energy consumption per capita;efficiency of service provision;Access to Electricity;cash flow analysis;connection cost;business model;private operator;transmission and distribution;source of energy;grid area;market survey;electricity service;rural population;fee for service;remote rural area;agriculture and livestock;rural electric cooperative;national rural electrification;international experiences show;diesel generator;investment cost;financial model;concession area;consumption of energy;cost of service;availability of resource;international financial institution;form of dividends;extreme poverty rates;cost of finance;redistribution of wealth;lump sum subsidy;Local Economic Development;consumer of energy;private sector operator;renewable energy source;source capital;information to consumer;national energy policy;rural electrification program;household photovoltaic system;electricity transmission company;electricity generation company;supply of energy;private sector company;service delivery mechanism;electric energy use;offgrid rural electrification;availability of service;rural electrification market;renewable energy resource;amount of electricity;benefits of electrification;sale of milk;power sector privatization;tax on electricity;rural electrification fund;participation in electricity;grid model;power sector reform;short term financing;cost of diesel;service delivery models;cash flow model;gnp per capita;access to grid;delivery of electricity;renewable energy system;private sector involvement;low energy consumption;process of privatization;economies of scale;access to tv;supply of electricity;home photovoltaic system;local government agency;cross subsidy;down payment;grid extension;pilot site;electricity distribution;distribution company;commercial loan;initial investment;household income;electricity sector;probability density;monthly expenditure;remote area;public subsidy;energy expenditure;privatization process;high tariff;water pump;geographic area;competitive bidding;electricity system;operation risk;Natural Resources;mini grid;national grid;equipment supplier;Energy Sector;kerosene lamp;public resource;public fund;investment subsidies;local entrepreneur;rural village;survey design;energy supplier;energy need;transaction cost;rural consumer;Universal Service;dispersed population;electricity bill;distribution grid;sensitivity analysis;consumer preference;electric service;market place;



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