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Mauritius - Agriculture sector memorandum (Inglês)

Agriculture is basic to the economy of Mauritius, and is likely to remain so for the foreseeable future. There is little that Mauritius can do about the natural and external manmade constraints on its agricultural development, but it can change the internal policy and institutional environment. With this in mind, the report discusses Mauritius' agriculture sector. It enumerates the country's production strategy, its policies and institutions and its need for adjustment in the sector. The report maintains that the path to higher growth in agriculture is through increased productivity in the sugar industry. Simultaneously, more encouragement needs to be provided for the consumption and production of locally produced food. The most effective way to bring about a change in the present import oriented pattern of consumption would be to phase out the consumption subsidies on the two main imported staples, rice and wheat flour. On the supply side, existing guaranteed minimum prices must continue to provide adequate incentives relative to sugar. Along with this, research and extension in support of foodcrops production should also be strengthened.


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    Relatório Econômico ou Setorial Pré-2003

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    Mauritius - Agriculture sector memorandum

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    sugar industry;cost of production;export duties;domestic production of maize;sugar production;wheat flour;world market price;policy and institution;balance of payment;weights and measure;Balance of Trade;Southern and Eastern;fructose corn syrup;prevailing exchange rate;ad valorem duty;form of tax;private sector activity;protein rich food;shadow exchange rate;price of sugar;absence of market;amount of duty;progressive rate structure;production of potatoes;productive labor force;dual exchange rate;foreign exchange transaction;import of goods;tariff import;location of road;tariff on import;area under irrigation;cost of water;net foreign exchange;proximity to market;local market price;price of commodities;productivity of land;corporate profit tax;individual income tax;damage to crops;average annual temperature;sale of electricity;comparative advantage;productivity increase;extension service;livestock subsector;labor legislation;import parity;high wage;milk marketing;working day;tea industry;biting fly;agricultural sector;domestic consumption;export tax;livestock product;local production;Labor Law;coastal plain;green cover;scarce land;export earnings;sugar mill;land cost;development work;average cost;world price;fishing industry;import price;cultivated land;carcass weight;land use;sugar price;world sugar;export surcharge;vegetable market;rice subsidy;Livestock Production;strategic issue;cattle feed;green leaf;opportunity cost;consumer preference;field operations;volcanic soil;arable land;land area;agricultural diversification;tax system;production cost;land holding;minimum price;land utilization;resource cost;natural factors;implicit tax;crop area;tax liability;unemployment problem;producer price;sector work;flat land;beef production;research institute;structural adjustment;exclusive responsibility;livestock herds;local condition;land fragmentation;travel allowances;dairy cow;nutritional effect;dietary habits;cropping pattern;publicity campaign;financial problem;marginal return;average price;hydropower station;regional water;marketing facility;price change;deficit region;market datum;local conflict;statistical relationship;sugarcane plantation;irrigation district;supply water;future need;dairy development;environmental factor;tariff protection;tax purpose;livestock breeding;factory owner;regular employment;dairy herd;animal nutritionist;white sugar;water charge;consumer price;excess labor;pricing policy;produce food;dairy husbandry;consumer demand;fiscal measure;Animal Husbandry;depreciation allowance;herd management;overseas markets;irrigation supply;high transport;irrigation system;maritime environment;catchment area;Natural Resources;small island;fish product;geographic information;fishery resource;tax land;export market;water resource;work force;Exchange Rates;currency overvaluation;implicit subsidy;productive capacity;confidential information;fisheries potential;bank assistance;market regulation;factory operation;milling equipment;increasing urbanization;budget revenue;employment opportunities;net return;employment opportunity;high rainfall;gross return;technological advancement;rate of duty;duty payable;productive use;industry estimates;raw material;export taxation;gross proceeds;volatile price;double taxation;sugar workers;slack season;permanent employment;employment guarantee;full-time employment;conversion factor;replacement value;agricultural worker;fishing right;multilateral agreement;coastal lowlands;steep slope;short distance;dairy product;relative humidity;climatic zone;agricultural land;dry spell;food requirement;significant loss;supplementary irrigation;coastal lagoon;productive purposes;wage policy;financial cost;small area;staple food;sugar yield;sugar beet;livestock specialist;unit price;annual expenditure;written comment;national economy;sugarcane harvest;fertilizer application;production decision;vegetable oil;extraction rates;geographic isolation;trade center;mature industry;urban population;crop failure



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