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Trees on Farms : Measuring Their Contribution to Household Welfare (Inglês)

Rising food prices, rapid urbanization, robust economic growth, and widening inequality over the past decade have fundamentally transformed the environment in which agriculture operates in developing countries. These changes affect not only farmer cropping patterns and livestock management practices, but also the role natural resources play in their livelihoods.This guidebook presents a questionnaire module template and related information to facilitate data collection of trees on farms in multi-topic and agricultural household surveys in low and middle-income countries (L and MICs). It offers a practical toolbox for improving the understanding of the contribution of trees on farms to household welfare and livelihoods. The guidebook also provides insights into data collection in relation to the agroforestry and climate smart agriculture practices and impacts. Implementation of the module presented here will generate information that decision-makers and survey practitioners can use to understand the stock of trees on farms and the links between on-farm trees and household welfare.


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    Miller,Daniel Charles, Munoz Mora,Juan Carlos, Zezza,Alberto, Durazo,Josefine

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    Trees on Farms : Measuring Their Contribution to Household Welfare

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    forest landscape; Adaptation to Climate Change; nut tree; soil analysis; cgiar research program; global forest resource assessment; implications for biodiversity; crop type; collected information; governance and institutions; rights to land; plantation forest; role of forests; million people; source of energy; climate smart agriculture; source of fuel; land tenure question; household survey questionnaire; international development goal; climate change mitigation; income from land; billion people; sale of products; improved food security; source income; protected area; source of income; sustainable development goals; access to knowledge; private sector actors; review of approach; urban population growth; global land use; global climate change; agricultural energy consumption; types of service; household level data; hectares of land; climate change adaptation; household living standard; remote sensing techniques; household survey data; management of forest; classification of plant; intensification of agriculture; agriculture and forestry; soil erosion control; tree product; Time of Use; cash crop; collect firewood; natural forest; fruit tree; household welfare; household economy; agricultural land; household module; construction material; production purpose; household income; agroforestry system; agricultural household; survey practitioners; household livelihood; tree cover; timber product; survey modules; local unit; firewood collection; household questionnaire; tree production; soil quality; tree crop; cultivated land; household use; rural livelihood; household labor; energy source; organic fertilizer; cashew nut; oil palm; dietary diversity; agricultural yield; energy security; local name; crop yield; fallow period; world food; date palm; gum arabic; national statistical; time allocation; gender dimension; rental contract; locust bean; agricultural survey; Carbon sequestration; dry cell; gender perspective; climate-smart agriculture; wild areas; outer wall; pilot testing; construction site; standard approach; satellite imagery; use rights; timber tree; share ownership; plantation tree; cocoa bean; community level; community questionnaire; income source; cooking fuel; agricultural product; crop harvest; limited information; crop fallow; crop product; firewood source; animal waste; crop residue; labor allocation; firewood consumption; productive purposes; primary uses; forest plantation; production harvest; crop rotation; social program; Economic Policy; soil type; poverty dynamic; other development; vetiver grass; drainage ditch; crop production; data quality; housing census; expenditure survey; environmental objective; external support; household expenditure; water stress; land area; agroforestry practice; productive resource; adult male; adult female; roofing material; cadastral agency; indirect approach; customary ownership; fallow area; bride price; primary household; Public Services; extension service; agricultural labor; crop choice; results framework; brazilian amazon; available evidence; rural area; tropical conservation; ecological applications; tree plantation; primary product; institutional innovation; production quantities; unit price; survey area; crop use; gender dynamic; tree ownership; tree species; land management; cultivated parcels; socioeconomic survey; global change; sdg indicators; take stock; Agricultural Trade; economic globalization; base assessment; tropical biodiversity; biomass carbon; quality datum; kinship structure; biodiversity data; production system; food poverty; effective strategy; agriculture system; food production; agricultural cycle; basic household; resource base; community management; detailed statistics; fodder trees; natural regeneration; machine learning; section show; clear definition; crop system; tea plant; ornamental garden; home gardens; local circumstance; woody perennial; classification scheme; scientific information; agricultural crop; subsequent section; carbon budget



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