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China : improving unemployment insurance (Inglês)

The objective of this policy note is to assist the Chinese government in assessing implementation of the unemployment insurance (UI) program to date, identifying key challenges, and exploring possible policy responses. The note begins with a background section on recent developments in the country's economy and labor market and briefly describes the evolution of the UI program within this context. The note then provides an overview and analysis of the current UI program, touching upon critical issues such as coverage, benefit levels, effects on work incentives, provision of employment services, and financial performance. For this analysis, the note draws upon results from recent UI policy simulation pilots in Qingdao and Tianjin; lessons from a World Bank-supported UI technical assistance project in Liaoning province; interviews with government officials involved in UI; and various UI-related studies and project reports. The note concludes with policy recommendations and suggests some future directions for UI system reform.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Vodopivec, Milan, Tong, Minna Hahn

  • Data do documento

    2008/07/01

  • TIpo de documento

    Documento de Trabalho (Série Numerada)

  • No. do relatório

    44779

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    China,

  • Região

    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

  • Data de divulgação

    2010/07/01

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    China : improving unemployment insurance

  • Palavras-chave

    household per capita income;active labor market program;sale of government bond;labor force participation rate;risk management framework;risk management mechanism;labor market reform;degree of variation;informal sector employment;number of workers;informal sector worker;minimum wage;transition country;transition countries;eligibility requirement;total labor force;unemployment benefit recipient;amount of loan;equal income distribution;social security reform;public works program;level of compliance;employer having;wage replacement rate;social insurance fund;unemployment insurance program;labor market activity;social security agency;social insurance payments;job placement service;duration of unemployment;social security benefit;labor market development;register unemployment rate;labor market pressures;official unemployment rate;full employment policy;labor market issue;labor market study;technical cooperation program;average monthly wage;social security coverage;labor market indicator;access to job;income replacement rate;labor market participation;urban labor market;reduction in consumption;temporary income support;local government authority;risk mitigation mechanism;employment protection rule;social assistance program;high school graduate;social protection program;urban employment;urban enterprise;living standard;Vocational Training;Employment Services;informal employment;survival function;small cities;coverage rate;urban worker;labor contract;program coverage;laid-off worker;Job Creation;conceptual framework;contribution rate;total employment;average wage;urban resident;contract worker;retrenched worker;eligibility conditions;benefit equal;government subsidy;weak enforcement;unemployed worker;employer contribution;unemployment figure;urban dweller;demographic pressure;administrative capacity;living allowance;mass layoff;economic reform;program administration;administrative cost;formal mechanisms;military service;local bank;special account;financial situation;largest groups;maximum benefit;computer course;important policy;heavy industry;export zone;unemployment statistic;average duration;disincentive effect;survey results;civil affairs;coastal provinces;unemployed receiving;human capital;employment situation;econometric estimate;Rural Industry;administrative rule;public policy;administrative responsibility;state policy;small loan;tax office;Work Injury;statistical system;application procedure;program participation;high wage;regulation place;fundamental condition;public confidence;coping mechanism;Coping Mechanisms;xiagang worker;future unemployment;job loss;financial sustainability;resource constraint;labor demand;research assistance;rural-urban migration;smooth consumption;interest deduction;societal perspective;age population;efficiency aspect;financial responsibility;commercial bank;program operations;reserve fund;corporate reforms;administrative level;benefits claim;determining eligibility;financial problem;profit tax;rural farmer;school leaver;social affairs;wage distribution;foreign fund;private enterprise;unemployed individual;Job Matching;unemployment spell;fiscal subsidy;local situation;policy shift;survey data;internationally comparable;rural village;local resident;local policy;displaced worker;lump sum;lifetime employment;transition economy;Transition economies;job offer;job retraining;reporting requirement;employee contributions;payroll deduction;central planning;seasonal work;employment assistance;surplus fund;policy simulation;redundant worker;interest earnings;state sector;industrial base;manufacturing enterprise;employment opportunity;extensive use;early retirement;discouraged worker;unskilled worker;employment prospect;open unemployment;private initiative;Informal Jobs;continuous service;benefit amount;cash allowances;unemployment level;micro enterprise;short-term contract;short term contract;day laborer;direct labor;program development;temporary job;employment stability;unemployment duration

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