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The practice of policy-making in the OECD : ideas for Latin America : La formulacion de politicas en la OCDE : ideas para America Latina (Espanhol)

This study summarizes the practice of policy-making in selected Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries and provides ideas for improving the quality of public policies in Latin America. Most Latin American governments are eager to improve their policy-making process, but they typically face, at least, five important challenges: (i) insufficient technical capacity at the center, or summit, of government to formulate policies or evaluate them ex-ante or ex-post - by center of government we refer to the political authority at the summit of the executive power, usually located in the prime ministerial or presidential office, but central secretariats (for example, cabinet offices) and ministries (for example, Finance) provide vital administrative support to the center; (ii) poor coordination across policies coming from the sectors, leading to inconsistent and incoherent policies; (iii) low levels of contestability during policy formulation, whether within the executive, from the legislature, or from outside the public sector; (iv) a disconnect between policy-making and the implementation of these policies; and (v) while politics shapes policy-making in all countries, Latin American countries tend to have a much greater distance between proposals from different political parties as compared to the OECD. While some of these challenges are strongly affected by the political reality of Latin American countries, such as their concentrated presidential systems, or are perceived to be shaped by cultural aspects, which may take a very long time to change, there is clearly room for improvement in the practice of policy-making. In this context, an analysis of the experience of some OECD countries, which are known for having achieved relatively better results from their public policies, may be a good starting point, not only to get ideas on what road to choose but also alerts on which options to avoid. These pointers can help Latin American governments in the process of improving policy-making.


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    América Latina,


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    América Latina e Caribe,

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    La formulacion de politicas en la OCDE : ideas para America Latina

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