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The Pakiv European Roma fund initiative: a civic approach to combating socio-economic exclusion among Roma (Gypsies) in Central and Eastern Europe (Inglês)

The Roma (Gypsies), around seven to nine million in Europe, representing the largest minority in the region, with the most significant representation in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries. In general, the Roma in the CEE region are the main poverty risk group in Europe, suffering from low educational attainment, high unemployment, lack of steady income, lower life expectancies, higher birth rates, and unequal access to services and opportunities owing to everyday discrimination from the majority populations. The large Romani groups now confronted with unemployment and social exclusion are part of a social stratum that has been integrated, in recent decades, into the mainstream economy and social structures as unskilled industrial and agricultural workers and service providers. Even when Roma are qualified for jobs, widespread discrimination leads to preference for non-Romani applicants. Also, many Roma either have not been eligible or have been treated unfairly in the distribution of land and other production assets in the privatization process. A limited number of Roma are educated and socially mobile, and have thus entered the middle-class. Although still extremely small, a growing number of Romani now work in professional occupations, the government, as successful businesspersons, and in the civil sector.


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    Tanaka, Jennifer

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    Documento de Trabalho

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    Europa e Ásia Central,

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    The Pakiv European Roma fund initiative: a civic approach to combating socio-economic exclusion among Roma (Gypsies) in Central and Eastern Europe

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    information storage and retrieval system;small and medium enterprise;Public and Private Institution;learning by doing;revolving fund;community based approach;community-based approaches;public works program;source income;building local capacity;source of income;participation of beneficiary;correlates of poverty;investment in capacity;small business startup;respect for diversity;lack of legitimacy;small business management;distribution of land;public policy development;establishment of linkages;village or town;families with child;children attending schools;forms of income;council of europe;success and failure;potentials for community;civil society organisation;process of development;high birth rate;prior written permission;empowerment of woman;human rights issue;public policy change;sense of insecurity;standard of living;local group;community bank;social change;Vocational Training;community banking;international network;income generation;intensive learning;local development;personal development;social exclusion;private interest;community initiative;community control;sustainable way;loan repayment;community interest;public attitude;local initiative;local ngo;community involvement;traditional culture;national organisations;employment opportunities;employment opportunity;animal breeding;sustainable income;broader community;local income;production facility;combat poverty;peer pressure;regular income;seasonal work;temporary employment;sheep breeding;state policy;community empowerment;institution building;community group;internal resources;saving program;social capital;site visits;external support;traditional leaders;start-up business;local funds;sustainable resource;international training;international level;conflict management;youth employment;evaluation technique;development training;community needs;donor support;social structure;minority protection;citizen involvement;consensus building;accession process;strategic thinking;monitoring program;community capacity;leadership training;open society;young people;community representation;loan program;financially independent;local partner;fundamental changes;experiential learning;power relation;activist work;civic initiative;unequal access;part-time work;global learning;state programs;community decision;steady income;high unemployment;life experience;poverty risk;agricultural labourers;awareness raising;micro-credit lending;international networking;effective learning;national bodies;Animal Husbandry;health authorities;mutual consultation;volunteer work;Help community;community organizing;common benefit;commonly known;innovative initiative;local council;pilot initiatives;civic work;ethnic group;personal interest;public building;city hall;production asset;rural town;social impact;agricultural worker;national strategy;creating opportunity;informal groups;international donor;nongovernmental institutions;significant attention;guiding principles;direct beneficiaries;original agreement;family loan;grace period;target beneficiary;long-term benefits;enabling environment;depressed region;traditional bank;civic approach;responsible person;National Institutions;privatization process;social pressure;local learning;learning process;credit scheme;health component;program objectives;poverty strategy;educational achievement;advocacy network;national institutional;impact analysis;regional initiative;civic organization;international meeting;local circumstance;employment status;household head;household size;comprehensive strategy;scale agricultural;financial activities;majority population;educational level;minimum wage;regular meetings;educational activities;budget adjustment;



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