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Bridging environmental health gaps - lessons for Sub-Saharan Africa infrastructure projects : Main report (Inglês)

This study, although multisectoral, concentrates on infrastructure, with a detailed analysis on the water supply and sanitation aspects - particularly those related to waste management - to assess, and address, the importance of their environmental health dimensions in Sub-Saharan Africa. The report consists of three volumes, each one with a different emphasis. Volume 1, the main report, addresses the technical responsibility of infrastructure sector programs in the region, while engaging sector policies, and programs, to Environmental Assessments guidelines, to further provide, public health, and water resource management policies, of interest in project design. The conclusions indicate, that the contributions of infrastructure projects, toward the improvement of living conditions, and poverty alleviation, could benefit significantly, if systematic consideration is given to health improvement. Volume 2 covers a considerable cross sectoral review, and analysis, on the methodology, approach, and definitions of health, and environmental approaches, and how these differ from the traditional health aspects. While Volume 3 raises questions on the compatibility between environmental health, and sustainable development, it allows recommendations for improved Bank practices, on the treatment of environmental health issues.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Listorti,James A.

  • Data do documento

    1996/05/31

  • TIpo de documento

    Documento de Trabalho (Série Numerada)

  • No. do relatório

    19728

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    3

  • País

    África,

  • Região

    África,

  • Data de divulgação

    2010/07/01

  • Nome do documento

    Main report

  • Palavras-chave

    environmental health;burden of disease;environment and sustainable development;remedial measure;respiratory disease;rural water supply and sanitation;respiratory infection;disability adjusted life years;Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome;life expectancy at birth;Population and Human Resources;water & waste management;false sense of security;drainage need;rural drinking water supply;ventilated improved pit latrine;management of water supply;diarrheal disease;rates of return;indoor air pollution;public health problem;environmental health issues;air pollution abatement;ambient air pollution;source of pollution;Water Resource Management;health care system;combustion of coal;environmental health problem;adverse environmental conditions;improved water supply;Human Immunodeficiency Virus;Sexually Transmitted Disease;population at risk;infrastructure intervention;infrastructure sector;tobacco smoke;respiratory illness;malaria vector control;ambient air standard;industrial air pollution;environmental health criteria;acute respiratory infection;population at large;motor vehicle fuel;prevention of disease;volatile organic compound;body of knowledge;public health policy;urban drinking water;operations and maintenance;Oral rehydration therapies;liquified petroleum gas;Natural Resource Management;natural resource base;respiratory tract infections;sanitation on ascariasis;biochemical oxygen demand;average life span;information in table;Health Care Delivery;investments in infrastructure;mode of transmission;change in thinking;indoor pollution;intestinal worm;behavioral change;carbon monoxide;cross sectoral;literature review;criteria pollutant;

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