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Kyrgyz - The garment sector : Impact of joining the customs union and options to increase competitiveness (Inglês)

This note analyzes the impact that joining the Eurasian Customs Union will have on the Kyrgyz Republic’s garment sector and options for improving the sector’s competitiveness. The paper finds that joining the Eurasian Customs Union will lead to higher prices for the textiles and cloth used in garment production. This will increase the cost of producing garments in the Kyrgyz Republic and will more than likely place downward pressure on exports from the Kyrgyz Republic, which will induce firms, particularly less competitive ones, to exit from the garment sector. To offset the increase in cost from higher tariffs, it is recommended that the Kyrgyz Government aims to increase productivity by lifting the constraints that reduce the sector’s competitiveness. This can be done through interventions to increase the use of new technology, improve knowledge of consumer markets, and strengthen skills and education. This paper discusses these issues in four parts. The first provides an economic context for the discussion (Section I), which is followed by a discussion of the development of the garment sector and its importance for the economy (Section II). The paper then assesses the impact that joining the Customs Union (Section III) will have on production costs in the garment sector. Section IV describes the constraints the sector’s competitiveness and possible interventions to lift these constraints.


  • Autor

    Choi,Jieun, Portugal Perez,Luis Alberto, Myburgh,Andrew Christopher

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    Note sobre Políticas

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    Europa e Ásia Central,

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  • Nome do documento

    Kyrgyz - The garment sector : Impact of joining the customs union and options to increase competitiveness

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    advantage of economies of scale;customs and trade regulations;International Trade and Investment;limited access to finance;access to external finance;low levels of income;Access to Electricity;global value chain;adoption of technology;introducing new products;foreign direct investment;share of import;value added tax;production cost;lack of skill;skills and education;share of export;higher value added;low cost production;access to capital;open air market;years of schooling;lack of education;flexible labor market;access to land;foreign trade policy;open trade regime;purchasing power parity;user of electricity;minimum efficient scale;cooperation between company;common external tariff;global economic crisis;foreign technology;garment industry;reference source;tariff regime;supply chain;Basic Education;production process;international market;working capital;industry association;high wage;trade promotion;industrial extension;business practice;niche market;tariff line;market segment;market failure;comparative advantage;conducting business;patent system;benchmarking exercise;foreign investor;competitive strategy;government failure;garment production;transport cost;production technology;raw material;market knowledge;quality certification;market information;black squares;high tariff;Capital Investments;average wage;mining industry;Bank Credit;consumer market;market access;global trend;clearance procedure;global economy;foreign market;market needs;market demand;industrial management;global export;skill shortage;upward pressure;medium firms;Business Climate;foreign exchange;apparel sector;tariff increase;small population;working age;formal sector;market power;rural transportation infrastructure;input cost;import tariff;increasing openness;local entrepreneur;foreign competitor;extension service;modern production;increase tariff;financial distress;benchmarking country;production increase;firm-level survey;representative sample;protection mechanism;wage level;regional market;external fund;tariff schedule;aggregate statistic;currency convertibility;increased openness;total employment;maximum tariff;textile articles;import data;agricultural product;hydroelectric plant;knit fabric;garment manufacturer;tax treatment;staple fibres;informal sector;garment producer;apparel industry;import value;light industry;Medium-Sized Enterprises;industry growth;foreign input;Learning and Innovation Credit;financial crisis;apparel production;trade exports;firm financing;trade datum;export market;pay taxes;apparel export;Export Diversification;Advisory services;modern equipment;broad consultation;market intelligence;marketing skills;operational management;machine operator;economic diversification;binding constraint;manufacturing sector;technical expertise;political instability;license fee;employment growth;business license;downward pressure;animal hair;Informal Economy;vocational lyceum;sale price;lease financing;modern business;imported inputs;financial service;financial leasing;tax system;Retail Sector;rural area;uneducated workers;



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