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Study on growth and environment links for preparation of Country Economic Memorandum (CEM) (Vol. 3) : Part 2 : Uncaptured growth potential -- forestry, wildlife and marine fisheries (Inglês)

Natural resources in Tanzania constitute a wealth asset. During the past decade, mining, fisheries and tourism have been the most dynamic sectors in the economy. Although Tourism development is a success story of growth in macro-economic terms, local development spin-off effects could be explored more fully. Most currently known mineral deposits are being already tapped while at the same time new mineral stocks are being discovered. Fisheries is still a growing sector but there are signs of decline in catch-per-unit in Lake Victoria and catch of fish and prawn in the coastal zones, which points towards a deceleration of growth in these sectors in the medium and long term. The National Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction (NSGPR 2005) subscribes to the principles of sustainable and equitable development. This summary paper as well as the three detailed background papers defend the hypothesis that, due to policy failure, Tanzania's natural resource endowments are not harnessed in an optimal way to both economic growth and poverty reduction.


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    Part 2 : Uncaptured growth potential -- forestry, wildlife and marine fisheries

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    Environment and Natural Resources;forest sector;forest reserve;system of national accounts;Analysis of Economic Growth;source of revenue;gum and resins;source of income;source income;Water and Energy;source of energy;charcoal production;human resource development;protection of watersheds;total energy consumption;land tenure arrangements;lack of capital;management of forest;national monitoring system;revenue from fee;local government budget;per capita consumption;competing land use;provision of energy;rate of change;lack of incentive;contribution of fishery;official foreign exchange;distribution of revenue;proportion of income;state owned company;maximum sustainable yield;foreign private investment;high import duties;liquefied petroleum gas;travel cost method;total economic value;revenue collection system;agriculture and livestock;road density;natural forest;forest product;forest service;land area;wood consumption;national economy;carbon dioxide;forest coverage;rural area;export earnings;ecosystem service;development partner;wood product;national gdp;household use;informal sector;recurrent budgets;Tree Growing;donor financing;correlation coefficient;environmental cost;quantitative data;national forest;forest good;legal basis;Forest Management;biodiversity value;forest estate;community forestry;government revenue;economic valuation;climate regulation;contingent valuation;hedonic pricing;Energy Sector;water catchment;tropical forest;equal amount;cultural value;ecosystem function;fuel choice;forest revenue;market failure;Fiscal policies;carbon monoxide;staff salary;coastal region;water service;institutional inefficiencies;Water Services;government corruption;Carbon Sink;government source;Cash flow;illegal harvesting;hydropower sector;environmental economics;additional revenue;public money;domestic production;registration fee;data availability;industrial consumption;plantation forestry;village survey;poor infrastructure;skilled labor;skilled labour;religious values;traditional methods;freshwater fishery;productive sector;tobacco production;charcoal stove;energy conversion;fiscal policy;alcohol distillation;live animal;tourist hunting;Population Growth;brick making;tobacco growing;energy source;urban economy;urban consumer;sustainable harvest;household income;institutional change;government statistics;individual farmer;eucalyptus plantation;monitoring data;legal framework;community base;consumption datum;aggregate value;plantation management;illegal logging;supply chain;community woodlots;supplementary food;private farms;land forest;investment capital;skilled staff;building material;modern forest;recreational services;official statistic;protective forests;negative correlation;high road;competitive concession;forest inventories;negative relationship;deforestation rate;woodland resource;agricultural production;higher growth;administrative level;inefficient administration;regional distribution;cash value;forest economics;national income;property right;foreign fund;donor agencies;potential contribution;royalty rate;wood fuel;management advice;base year;collect revenue;Rural Industry;local population;secondary data;annual budget;foreign development;competitive bidding;profitable business;livestock grazing;decentralized management;clear ownership;plantation wood;forest staff;budget allocation;financial incentive;village forest;Pharmaceutical Industry;private company;wood processing;large operator;postage stamp;traditional use;medicinal purpose;household subsistence;export statistics;world market;common problems;local value;informal employment;gum arabic;Cash Income;honey production;coastal area;sector activity;export ban;farmer income;world price;annual consumption;budget amount;credit facilities;logging company;government income;forest industries;multiplier effect;



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