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Dominican Republic - Systematic Country Diagnostic (Inglês)

This systematic country diagnostic (SCD) presents a storyline on the connection between economic growth and poverty that departs from previous narratives in other studies, including those conducted by the World Bank. Those studies found a weak connection between the historically high rates of economic growth and poverty reduction in the country. Analyzing the consistency between data from national accounts and the household survey that is used to measure poverty (Encuesta Nacional de Fuerza de Trabajo (ENFT)), the authors find large differences in the annual growth rates of private consumption from national accounts and household income from the ENFT before 2008. These differences become smaller after the national accounts were rebased and some methodological improvements were implemented for the ENFT. This is the reason why this SCD uses 2008 as the starting point for the analysis of the relationship between gross domestic product (GDP) growth and poverty reduction, which yields a higher growth elasticity of poverty than the estimated in previous studies.


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  • TIpo de documento

    Systematic Country Diagnostic

  • No. do relatório


  • Nº do volume


  • Total Volume(s)


  • País

    República Dominicana,

  • Região

    América Latina e Caribe,

  • Data de divulgação


  • Disclosure Status


  • Nome do documento

    Dominican Republic - Systematic Country Diagnostic

  • Palavras-chave

    information and communication technology; access to public information; quality of public service; high real interest rate; quality of health services; quality health care; quality of health care; conservation of natural resources; small and medium enterprise; efficient use of resource; water supply and sanitation; Maternal and Child Mortality; Growth Elasticity of Poverty; female labor force participation; terms of poverty reduction; inefficient allocation of resource; degradation of water; Labor Market; integrate water resource; competitive financial market; complete secondary education; private health expenditure; primary health care; lack of opportunity; flow of information; social protection system; employment growth rate; share of asset; point of origin; wastewater treatment plant; public health facility; economic growth rate; inequality of opportunity; barriers of access; years of schooling; contamination of water; raising tax revenue; land use change; foreign currency rates; Balance of Trade; engine of growth; national poverty line; incentives for providers; high-quality public service; Access to Education; health insurance coverage; global financial crisis; increase in expenditure; enactment of law; lives of individuals; competitiveness of firms; high school dropout; central government subsidies; inflation targeting regime; private sector financing; disparities in access; gross domestic product; education and health; gender and poverty; perception of corruption; government health expenditure; expenditure in education; expenditure education; quality of exports; sea level rise; barriers to innovation; issues of population; labor market outcome; resident representative; lack of infrastructure; human capital accumulation; fast economic growth; Water and Agriculture; perceptions of insecurity; health care financing; high dropout rate; natural resource economist; Early Childhood Development; public debt; natural disaster; quality improvement; fiscal space; market power; fiscal revenue; business environment; economic reform; program leader; Tax Exemption; middle class; tax incentive; international assessment; debt level; consultation process; household survey; unemployment rate; tax base; social outcome; national account; household income; knowledge gap; government expenditure; benchmarking exercise; social progress; rapid urbanization; public system; earth observation; gender imbalance; inclusive growth; governance issue; vulnerable population; raise revenues; fiscal balance; survival rate; living standard; public expenditure; government revenue; external condition; geographic location; Natural Event; productivity gain; economic sector; skill acquisition; private consumption; social program; data center; fiscal account; Fiscal Sustainability; health outcome; lending rate; fiscal deficit; poor household; Basic Education; education level; behavioral change; fiscal position; natural capital; tariff exemption; fiscal expenditure; geographic proximity; Antenatal Care; upper class; irregular migration; enrollment rate; binding constraint; risk protection; Urban Planning; institutional design; governmental agency; vulnerable group; export market; Economic Policy; migration status; hourly wage; financial protection; educated workforce; affected country; Cash Transfer; water supplies; crop yield; firm owner; excess rainfall; wage gap; severe storms; firm level; tectonic plate; political participation; quality service; poor health; worker productivity; governance challenge; human life; temperature variability; waste water; tropical region; participation rate; financing cost; noncommunicable diseases; fresh water; disaster preparedness; increase productivity; catastrophic event; increasing share; social cohesion; push factor; limited capacity; extreme event; knowledge spillover; worker training; quality certification; high employment; life expectancy; economic zone; significant loss; equitable access; nursery areas; tax collection



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