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Universal Health Coverage (UHC) in Africa : a framework for action (Vol. 2) : Executive summary (Inglês)

Strong economic growth in recent years has helped reduce poverty to 43 percent of the population. Yet, as Africa’s population expands, it is estimated to reach 2.5 billion by 2050, the region faces a critical challenge of creating the foundations for long-term inclusive growth. Many countries still contend with high levels of child and maternal mortality, malnutrition is far too common, and most health systems are not able to deal effectively with epidemics and the growing burden of chronic diseases, such as diabetes. These challenges call for renewed commitments and accelerated progress toward Universal Health Coverage (UHC), the principle that everyone receives needed health services without financial hardship. The primary reason for investing in UHC is a moral one: it is not acceptable that some members of society should face death, disability, ill health or impoverishment for reasons that could be addressed at limited cost. However, UHC is also a good investment. Prevention of malnutrition and ill health is likely to have enormous benefits in terms of longer and more productive lives, higher earnings, and averted care costs. Effectively meeting demand for family planning will accelerate the fertility transition, which in turn will result in higher rates of economic growth and more rapid poverty reduction. And strong health and disease surveillance systems halt epidemics that take lives and disrupt economies. In 2015, the forgone economic growth due to Ebola amounts to more than a billion US dollars in the three countries hit by the epidemic.


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    Executive summary

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    government spending;Health Service;total government spending;development assistance for health;demand for family planning;primary health care services;Human Resources for Health;insecticide treated bed net;Public Health Emergency;disease surveillance system;long-term economic growth;skilled birth attendance;Effective Development Assistance;maternal and child;health care cost;child health service;national health strategies;national preparedness plan;implementation of reform;essential health services;ill health;financial hardship;health payments;health systems;conditional cash;equity targeting;chronic disease;political leadership;international framework;vulnerable population;resource mobilization;budget resource;financial barrier;health expenditure;fertility transition;core indicator;organizational structure;Maternal Mortality;life course;inclusive growth;household income;transparent monitoring;primary reason;improved water;marginalized group;informal sector;National Institutions;important share;Child Mortality;local circumstance;Antenatal Care;civil society;financial protection;fair deal;Epidemic;



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