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China - Green Energy for Low-carbon City in Shanghai Project (Inglês)

Ratings of the Green Energy for Low-carbon City in Shanghai Project for China were as follows: outcome was moderately satisfactory, Bank performance was satisfactory, and monitoring and evaluation quality was modest. Lessons learned included: government institutions can and should play a critical role to share knowledge and coordinate interventions to unlock innovative win-win opportunities for low-carbon city development. The PMO served this role in the Project as designed and implemented. It acted as a professional management agency that forged links between building managers, project developers, financiers, energy service companies, and policymakers. The pilot schemes led by the PMO acted as a test bed for operations that succeeded by reducing information asymmetries among stakeholders. This allowed policies and programs to evolve over time and create public-private partnerships. For buildings specifically, the Project demonstrated that a holistic approach to design, construction and operation of both new and retrofit projects can achieve innovative, replicable results for near-zero emissions. To facilitate this, a project management office needs high-level support from government leaders and long-term retention of competent staff to carry though ideas and relationships from beginning to end, as occurred in Changing. Other important factors include well-targeted grants or subsidies and technical assistance activities, as well as the intensive involvement of leading experts to push the frontier in partnership with commercial developers. Access to good quality building energy data is fundamental to reveal efficiency opportunities and is useful to inform related government policy. Data access can be facilitated by building submeters connected to a secure online data platform, as pioneered in changing for government and commercial buildings through a contracted technology service provider. Such data can identify savings opportunities for individual buildings, and when aggregated and analyzed for many buildings can demonstrate the usefulness of such systems for the sector at large. Representative data for an entire district or municipality can enable more precise targeting of subsidies to support innovative interventions and the formulation of benchmarking policies. Government data collection and benchmarking programs need to consider commercial confidentiality and privacy, voluntary participation or a range of ways to fulfil data requests.


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    China - Green Energy for Low-carbon City in Shanghai Project

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    united nations framework convention on climate change; green energy; Partnership for Market Readiness; carbon development; Urban and Rural Development; small and medium enterprise; per capita energy consumption; energy performance of building; carbon dioxide emission reduction; Combined Heat and Power; information and communication technology; carbon intensity; annual energy saving; energy management system; building energy efficiency; annual emission reduction; ton of coal; marginal abatement cost; reallocation of fund; Objectives and Outcomes; innovative financing mechanism; emissions reduction target; emission trading scheme; theory of change; measurement and verification; gross domestic product; building retrofit; climate change mitigation; air pollution reduction; comprehensive building retrofit; demand for energy; greenhouse gas emission; commercial energy use; climate action plan; investment in buildings; clean energy technology; national development plan; emission of carbon; emission reduction program; access to finance; consumption of fossil; reduced energy consumption; contracts in place; private commercial bank; infrastructure and services; construction and operation; private sector bodies; improving energy efficiency; combat climate change; reduction of emission; total emissions reductions; assessment of outcome; energy service companies; energy service company; local economic growth; carbon dioxide equivalent; increasing energy efficiency; municipal government authority; Type of Investment; clean energy generation; renewable energy purchase; total energy consumption; distributed energy generation; cost of energy; energy for all; total energy demand; energy efficient buildings; renewable energy lending; total suspended particulates; source of energy; renewable energy technologies; assessment of achievement; emission reduction potential; building code requirement; distributed generation; incremental cost; Exchange Rates; building sector; innovative policy; commercial building; carbon emission; business model; grid electricity; public building



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