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Rewarding safer sex : conditional cash transfers for HIV/STI prevention (English)

Incentive-based policies have been shown to be powerful in many areas of behavior, but have rarely been tested in the sexual domain. The Rewarding Sexually Transmitted Infection Prevention and Control in Tanzania (RESPECT) study is a randomized controlled trial testing the hypothesis that a system of rapid feedback and positive reinforcement that uses cash as the primary incentive can be used to reduce risky sexual activity among young people, male and female, who are at high risk of HIV infection. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7099 NOV 01, 2014

de Walque, Damien; Dow, William H.; Nathan, Rose

Health information, treatment, and worker productivity : experimental evidence from malaria testing and treatment among Nigerian sugarcane cutters (English)

Agricultural and other physically demanding sectors are important sources of growth in developing countries but prevalent diseases such as malaria adversely impact the productivity, labor supply, and choice of job tasks among workers by reducing physical capacity. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7120 NOV 01, 2014

Dillon, Andrew; Friedman, Jed; Serneels, Pieter

Evidence on policies to increase the development impacts of international migration (English)

International migration offers individuals and their families the potential to experience immediate and large gains in their incomes, and offers a large number of other positive benefits to the sending communities and countries. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7057 OCT 01, 2014

McKenzie, David; Yang, Dean

Measuring agricultural knowledge and adoption (English)

Understanding the trade-offs in improving the precision of agricultural measures through survey design is crucial. Yet, standard indicators used to determine program effectiveness may be flawed and at a differential rate for men and women. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7058 OCT 01, 2014

Kondylis, Florence; Mueller, Valerie; Zhu, Siyao Jessica

Radio frequency (un)identification : results from a proof-of-concept trial of the use of RFID technology to measure microenterprise turnover in Sri Lanka (English)

Accurate measurement of stock levels, turnover, and profitability in microenterprises in developing countries is difficult because the majority of these firms do not keep detailed records. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7064 OCT 01, 2014

de Mel, Suresh; Herath, Dammika; McKenzie, David; Pathak, Yuvraj

Testing the importance of search frictions, matching, and reservation prestige through randomized experiments in Jordan (English)

Unemployment rates for tertiary-educated youth in Jordan are high, as is the duration of unemployment. Two randomized experiments in Jordan were used to test different theories that may explain this phenomenon. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7030 SEP 01, 2014

Groh, Matthew; McKenzie, David; Shammout, Nour; Vishwanath, Tara

Macroinsurance for microenterprises : a randomized experiment in post-revolution Egypt (English)

Firms in many developing countries cite macroeconomic instability and political uncertainty as major constraints to their growth. Economic theory suggests uncertainty can cause firms to delay investments until uncertainty is resolved. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7048 SEP 01, 2014

Groh, Matthew; McKenzie, David

Dynamics of demand for rainfall index insurance : evidence from a commercial product in India (English)

This paper analyzes the dynamic nature of rainfall insurance purchasing decisions, specifically looking at whether and why receiving an insurance payout induces a greater chance of purchasing insurance again the next year. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7035 SEP 01, 2014

Stein, Daniel

Seeing is believing ? evidence from an extension network experiment (English)

Extension services are a keystone of information diffusion in agriculture. This paper exploits a large randomized controlled trial to track diffusion of a new technique in the classic Training and Visit (T&V) extension model, relative to a more direct training model. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7000 AUG 01, 2014

Kondylis, Florence; Mueller, Valerie; Zhu, Siyao Jessica

Small business tax policy, informality, and tax evasion -- evidence from Georgia (English)

Using a panel of administrative data and regression discontinuity analysis, this paper examines how the introduction of preferential tax regimes for Georgian micro and small businesses in 2010 affects formal firm creation and tax compliance. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7010 AUG 01, 2014

Bruhn, Miriam; Loeprick, Jan

Information is power : experimental evidence on the long-run impact of community based monitoring (English)

This paper presents the results of two field experiments on local accountability in primary health care in Uganda. Efforts to stimulate beneficiary control, coupled with the provision of report cards on staff performance, resulted in significant improvements in health care delivery and health outcomes in both the short and the longer run. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS7015 AUG 01, 2014

Nyqvist, Martina Bjorkman; de Walque, Damien; Svensson, Jakob

The Brasilia experiment : road access and the spatial pattern of long-term local development in Brazil (English)

This paper studies the impact of the rapid expansion of the Brazilian road network, which occurred from the 1960s to the 2000s, on the growth and spatial allocation of population and economic activity across the country's municipalities. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6964 JUL 01, 2014

Bird, Julia; Straub, Stephane

Does involvement of local NGOs enhance public service delivery ? cautionary evidence from a Malaria-prevention evaluation in India (English)

Using data from an experimental supportive intervention to India's malaria control program, this paper studies the impact of leveraging local non-state capacity to promote mosquito net usage and recommended fever care-seeking patterns. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6931 JUN 01, 2014

Das, Ashis; Friedman, Jed; Kandpal, Eeshani

Radio's impact on preferences for patronage benefits (English)

Citizens in developing countries support politicians who provide patronage or clientelist benefits, such as government jobs and gifts at the time of elections. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6932 JUN 01, 2014

Keefer, Philip; Khemani, Stuti

The anatomy of failure : an ethnography of a randomized trial to deepen democracy in rural India (English)

Programs that induce citizen participation to improve the quality of government at the local level are the subjects of large amounts of funding and intense debate. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6958 JUN 01, 2014

Ananthpur, Kripa; Malik, Kabir; Rao, Vijayendra

Money or ideas ? a field experiment on constraints to entrepreneurship in rural Pakistan (English)

This paper identifies the relative importance of human and physical capital for entrepreneurship. A subset of rural microfinance clients were offered eight full time days of business training and the opportunity to participate in a loan lottery of up to Rs. 100,000 (USD 1,700), about seven times the average loan size. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6959 JUN 01, 2014

Gine, Xavier; Mansuri, Ghazala

The effect of aid on growth : evidence from a quasi-experiment (English)

The literature on aid and growth has not found a convincing instrumental variable to identify the causal effects of aid. This paper exploits an instrumental variable based on the fact that since 1987, eligibility for aid from the International Development Association (IDA) has been based partly on whether or not a country is below a certain threshold of per capita income. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6865 MAY 01, 2014

Galiani, Sebastian; Knack, Stephen; Xu, Lixin Colin; Zou, Ben

Cash transfers and temptation goods : a review of global evidence (English)

Cash transfers have been demonstrated to improve education and health outcomes and alleviate poverty in various contexts. However, policy makers and others often express concern that poor households will use transfers to buy alcohol, tobacco, or other "temptation goods." ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6886 MAY 01, 2014

Evans, David K.; Popova, Anna

Rewarding provider performance to enable a healthy start to life : evidence from Argentina's Plan Nacer (English)

Argentina's Plan Nacer provides insurance for maternal and child health care to uninsured families. The program allocates funding to provinces based on enrollment of beneficiaries and adds performance incentives based on indicators of the use and quality of maternal and child health care services and health outcomes. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6884 MAY 01, 2014

Gertler, Paul; Giovagnoli, Paula; Martinez, Sebastian

The impact of a pay-for-performance scheme on prescription quality in rural China : an impact evaluation (English)

In China, health care providers have traditionally been paid fee-for-service and overprescribing and high out-of-pocket spending are common. In this study, township health centers in two counties were assigned almost randomly to two groups: in one, fee-for-service was replaced by a global capitated budget; in the other, by a mix of global capitated budget and pay-for-performance. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6892 MAY 01, 2014

Sun, Xiaojie; Liu, Xiaoyun; Sun, Qiang; Yip, Winnie; Wagstaff, Adam; Meng, Qingyue

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Rewarding safer sex : conditional cash transfers for HIV/STI prevention (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2014 WPS7099 Policy Research Working Paper
Health information, treatment, and worker productivity : experimental evidence from malaria testing and treatment among Nigerian sugarcane cutters (English)
See More +
NOV 01, 2014 WPS7120 Policy Research Working Paper
Evidence on policies to increase the development impacts of international migration (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2014 WPS7057 Policy Research Working Paper
Measuring agricultural knowledge and adoption (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2014 WPS7058 Policy Research Working Paper
Radio frequency (un)identification : results from a proof-of-concept trial of the use of RFID technology to measure microenterprise turnover in Sri Lanka (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2014 WPS7064 Policy Research Working Paper
Testing the importance of search frictions, matching, and reservation prestige through randomized experiments in Jordan (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2014 WPS7030 Policy Research Working Paper
Macroinsurance for microenterprises : a randomized experiment in post-revolution Egypt (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2014 WPS7048 Policy Research Working Paper
Dynamics of demand for rainfall index insurance : evidence from a commercial product in India (English)
See More +
SEP 01, 2014 WPS7035 Policy Research Working Paper
Seeing is believing ? evidence from an extension network experiment (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2014 WPS7000 Policy Research Working Paper
Small business tax policy, informality, and tax evasion -- evidence from Georgia (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2014 WPS7010 Policy Research Working Paper
Information is power : experimental evidence on the long-run impact of community based monitoring (English)
See More +
AUG 01, 2014 WPS7015 Policy Research Working Paper
The Brasilia experiment : road access and the spatial pattern of long-term local development in Brazil (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 WPS6964 Policy Research Working Paper
Does involvement of local NGOs enhance public service delivery ? cautionary evidence from a Malaria-prevention evaluation in India (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6931 Policy Research Working Paper
Radio's impact on preferences for patronage benefits (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6932 Policy Research Working Paper
The anatomy of failure : an ethnography of a randomized trial to deepen democracy in rural India (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6958 Policy Research Working Paper
Money or ideas ? a field experiment on constraints to entrepreneurship in rural Pakistan (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2014 WPS6959 Policy Research Working Paper
The effect of aid on growth : evidence from a quasi-experiment (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2014 WPS6865 Policy Research Working Paper
Cash transfers and temptation goods : a review of global evidence (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2014 WPS6886 Policy Research Working Paper
Rewarding provider performance to enable a healthy start to life : evidence from Argentina's Plan Nacer (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2014 WPS6884 Policy Research Working Paper
The impact of a pay-for-performance scheme on prescription quality in rural China : an impact evaluation (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2014 WPS6892 Policy Research Working Paper