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Bangladesh - Poverty assessment : assessing a decade of progress in reducing poverty, 2000-2010 (English)

The purpose of this report is to document some of the aforementioned achievements over the 2000-2010 decade and to illustrate their collective impact on poverty in Bangladesh. Analysis is undertaken to identify which factors contributed to the rapid decline in poverty over time. The main limitation of this report is that the analysis is based on a limited number of data sources, which do not cover all aspects of the poverty reduction process. Nevertheless, to the extent possible, the analysis covers the key drivers of poverty reduction over what has been a remarkable decade for Bangladesh. The report is organized into four parts. Part one focuses on explaining poverty patterns observed over the 2000-2010 period, noting qualitative differences between the first and second half of the decade. The analysis in chapter one offers poverty projections based on survey data from this period. Chapter two describes some key characteristics of the poor. Using poverty decomposition methodology, part two identifies the main drivers of the poverty reduction experienced over the last decade. Chapter three shows that the two most important contributors to poverty reduction over the 2000-2010 periods were the growth of labor income and the declining dependency ratio. The remaining two chapters in this section focus on labor income and demographic factors to understand their respective linkages to poverty. The past few years have underscored the importance of global factors affecting country-level outcomes. However, the series of shocks that affected Bangladesh in 2007-2008 did not significantly slow down the speed of poverty reduction. In Chapters six and seven of part three, the report attempts to uncover some of the reasons underlying Bangladesh's resilience to these global shocks as well as the way in which poor households cope with seasonal shocks, which are a permanent feature of some rural parts of the country, namely Rangpur. Chapters eight and nine explore the role of safety nets and microfinance in helping households deal with shocks and poverty. In part four, chapter ten revisits one of the key findings of the World Bank poverty assessment of 2005 (published in 2008).

Details

  • Author

    Ahmed,Faizuddin, Gimenez Duarte,Lea R., Jolliffe,Dean Mitchell, Sharif,Iffath Anwar

  • Document Date

    2013/06/01

  • Document Type

    Working Paper (Numbered Series)

  • Report Number

    78559

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Bangladesh,

  • Region

    South Asia,

  • Disclosure Date

    2013/06/19

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Bangladesh - Poverty assessment : assessing a decade of progress in reducing poverty, 2000-2010

  • Keywords

    access to social safety nets;labor force participation rate of man;contribution to poverty reduction;decline in poverty rate;change in poverty;headcount index of poverty;female labor force participation;rate of poverty reduction;transfer amount;deficiency in calorie intake;rate of population growth;official poverty line;access to health;maternal and child health;change in income;pace of population growth;marginal propensity to consume;access to health care;social safety net program;access to basic service;infant and young child;customs and trade regulations;family planning service delivery;higher level of education;terms of poverty reduction;legal age of marriage;Levels of Educational Attainment;average number of child;class of poverty measure;population living in poverty;conditional cash transfer program;cost of living index;reduction in poverty;depth of poverty;rural area;Access to Electricity;national poverty line;change in population;national poverty headcount;economies of scale;working age population;births per woman;population growth rate;elasticity of poverty;observed poverty reduction;high poverty rate;family planning program;human capital formation;determinants of poverty;total fertility rate;health and nutrition;consumer price index;share of work;decline in fertility;foreign direct investment;Food Price Index;low poverty rate;access to microfinance;increase in inequality;food for work;social assistance program;number of adults;food transfer program;poverty headcount rate;source income;poverty headcount index;food poverty line;source of income;access to finance;cumulative frequency distribution;primarily due;Rule of Law;increase in labor;children per woman;support to family;incentives to bank;social protection expenditure;migrant family member;formal sector worker;human development outcome;vulnerability to poverty;inflow of remittance;investments in infrastructure;output per worker;human capital investment;quality of education;pattern of change;Access to Education;food grain production;extremely poor household;loan approval rate;public distribution system;trained labor force;safety net system;long term planning;difference in wages;infant mortality rate;safety net transfer;share of woman;urban labor market;reduction of poverty;skills and education;high infant mortality;access to sanitation;poverty reduction policy;Proxy Means Tests;food for education;rural labor market;improvements in access;extreme poverty rates;components of consumption;income on food;acres of land;world food programme;annual public expenditure;inequality of opportunity;public safety net;impact of shock;segments of society;problem of leakage;Early Childhood Development;labor market pressures;human capital outcomes;share of children;measure of inequality;working age adults;incidence of poverty;poverty gap index;net enrollment rate;difference in poverty;poverty-line level;commodity price shock;indicators of welfare;household dependency ratio;private sector initiative;national road system;safety net instrument;access to remittance;oral rehydration salt;child immunization rate;net enrollment ratio;measure of poverty;fresh water fish;structure of work;national household survey;preferential market access;impact on poverty;analysis of poverty;real gdp;demographic change;labor income;real expenditure;

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Citation

Ahmed,Faizuddin Gimenez Duarte,Lea R. Jolliffe,Dean Mitchell Sharif,Iffath Anwar

Bangladesh - Poverty assessment : assessing a decade of progress in reducing poverty, 2000-2010 (English). Bangladesh development series ; paper no. 31 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/109051468203350011/Bangladesh-Poverty-assessment-assessing-a-decade-of-progress-in-reducing-poverty-2000-2010