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Mongolia - Enhancing policies and practices for ger area development in Ulaanbaatar (English)

The sustainable development of ger areas in Ulaanbaatar (UB), the capital city of Mongolia, is one of the critical development issues facing the country. The transition to a market economy and a series of severe winters (called zud) has resulted in the large-scale migration of low-income families into the ger areas of UB. The city represents 39 percent of the nation's population and generates more than 60 percent of Mongolia's gross domestic product (GDP). Clearer policy directions, such as the 'Compact City' concept of the UB Master Plan 2030, have emerged in recent years to control spatial expansion and promote high-density development for the ger areas. However, the government's practices have been inconsistent. These practices are, in part, a result of limited awareness and understanding by the general public, as well as by policy makers, of the public costs of their actions on land management. Also, many supporting mechanisms, including land valuation and taxation, have not yet been properly developed. This economic sector work by the World Bank aims to help policy makers and citizens of UB better understand the consequences of their practices. The report provides information for use in public consultation with stakeholders, which constitutes the core of the policy dialogue exercise. The intent of this report is to clarify the costs and benefits of different development paths. These paths include: (i) conversion of ger areas into apartment building complexes; (ii) gradual improvement of urban services for existing ger areas; and (iii) further expansion of ger areas at the fringe of the city.

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Citation

Kamata, Takuya Reichert, James A. Tsevegmid, Tumentsogt Kim, Yoonhee Sedgewick, Brett

Mongolia - Enhancing policies and practices for ger area development in Ulaanbaatar (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/288141468061498905/Mongolia-Enhancing-policies-and-practices-for-ger-area-development-in-Ulaanbaatar