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Development banks : role and mechanisms to increase their efficiency (English)

Past performance of development banks, has generally been considered poor and the value of state ownership questioned. There are few institutions that achieve the optimum balance of effectively addressing a policy objective while being financially sustainable. Following the financial crisis, there is a renewed interest in the role development banks can play in weathering the crisis. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the lessons learned following the financial crisis and to present some of the best practices in development banking so that policy makers can be better informed should they be considering how to build strong state financial institutions to address current and future needs in their respective countries.


  • Author

    Beneit,Enrique Blanco, Gutierrez,Eva M., Homa, Theodore, Rudolph,Heinz P.

  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Policy Research Working Paper

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country

    Latin America,

  • Region

    Latin America & Caribbean,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Development banks : role and mechanisms to increase their efficiency

  • Keywords

    market failure;Private and Financial Sector;small and medium size enterprise;rate of return on equity;commercial bank;private commercial bank;public bank;state financial institution;social rate of return;lender of last resort;source of market failure;real rate of return;global financial crisis;state intervention;financial sustainability;wave of privatization;credit crunch;credit scoring model;senior government official;private sector risk;good governance practices;corporate governance standard;financial sector activity;access to finance;provision of credit;financial sector specialist;private financial sector;target market;financial market;financial system;provision of guarantee;private equity fund;incentives for management;risk management system;case of default;export promotion agency;Counterparty Credit Risk;private sector institutions;public credit institution;cost of fund;european economic community;private sector counterpart;SME finance;trade and investment;home mortgage financing;access to bank;private sector activity;public sector subsidy;asymmetric information problem;commercial bank network;limited borrowing capacity;speed of transaction;privatization of state;economies of scale;government policy instrument;public financial institution;good corporate governance;provision of infrastructure;balance sheet analysis;implicit government guarantee;source of employment;global capital market;multilateral financial institution;market based economy;private financial institution;export credit agencies;private sector partner;International Trade;monetary policy;private bank;electronic platform;long-term funding;institution need;small and medium enterprise;risk aversion;gap filling;SME banking;seed capital;large enterprise;capital injection;government budget;Credit History;emerging country;minority shareholder;public intervention;political interference;government interference;agricultural sector;market gap;capital increase;managing risk;expected loss;foreign bank;continuous basis;banking sector;continuous process;commercial institution;credit decision;performance loan;shareholder agreement;governance framework;civil code;regulatory function;guarantee scheme;financial infrastructure;public good;reporting requirement;interbank market;Infrastructure Finance;large bank;technical qualification;budget constraint;judicial system;skill profile;selection criterion;democratic country;SME lending;finance objective;financial product;stock exchange;operational expense;loan portfolio;program coverage;private ownership;credit process;SME credit;credit analysis;private lending;legal form;credit appraisal;smart money;charging fee;expected return;credit application;private capital;potential lender;Public Goods;guarantee fund;management consulting;international standard;bank takes;employment growth;government access;Technology Transfer;transaction cost;sunset clause;qualifying criteria;survival rate;opportunity cost;promotion activity;market distortion;credit support;business community;full membership;state-owned enterprise;banking corporation;public offering;financial equilibrium;government subsidy;financial disturbance;time function;administrative cost;target company;cash asset;long-term financing;banking service;development policy;financial service;international benchmarking;economic region;open access;micro enterprise;corporate banking;future need;banking system;financial distortions;callable capital;credit growth;private market;peace time;safe asset;systemic risk;contract enforcement;financial inclusion;government use;commercial basis;open market;long-term capital;positive externality;private creditor;governance arrangement;legal system;securities issuance;unfair advantage;credit market;coordination problem;industrialized country;Industrialized countries;economic sector;Asset backed securities;asset-backed security;legal constraint;credit allocation;empirical evidence;Agriculture Finance;crop yield;financial distress;governance mechanism



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Beneit,Enrique Blanco Gutierrez,Eva M. Homa, Theodore Rudolph,Heinz P.

Development banks : role and mechanisms to increase their efficiency (English). Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5729 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.