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India - Uttar Pradesh Sodic Lands Reclamation Project (Inglês)

The project will build on past experience to reclaim sodic lands in the state by establishing models emphasizing participatory management. The project design allows flexibility to introduce changes based on implementation experience and increasing farmer participation. The project will reclaim about 45,000 ha over a seven year period in ten districts. Out of this, about 39,000 ha will be devoted to production systems based on rice and wheat cropping, and 3,000 ha devoted to salt tolerant horticultural crops. A further 3,000 ha will be reclaimed on community land and devoted to tree cultivation for fuel and fodder. The key components of the project include: (i) land reclamation through provision of effective drainage networks; on-farm development; application of chemical amendments; irrigation development; and support for the establishment of food and tree crops on privately owned land, and forest tree species on community land; (ii) institutional development comprising strengthening of (a) The Uttar Pradesh Land Development Corporation (LDC), the main implementing agency; (b) the Remote Sensing Application Center responsible for site identification and selection in the planning process and for monitoring and reclamation induced evaluation of changes to soil and ground water environments; and (c) participating nongovernmental organizations through training to assist beneficiary participation; (iii) agricultural development and technology dissemination consisting of demonstrations of reclamation models for the production of crops, fruit trees and forestry species on sodic lands; nursery development for fruit tree seedlings production; and extension support involving motivational campaigns, production of publicity material, use of mass communication techniques; and (iv) reclamation technology development and special studies comprising adaptive research to improve existing reclamation technology, diversification of cropping systems, and development of methods for preventing further expansion of sodicity.

Detalhes

  • Data do documento

    1993/05/13

  • TIpo de documento

    Memorando e recomendação do Presidente

  • No. do relatório

    P6033

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Índia,

  • Região

    Sul da Ásia,

  • Data de divulgação

    2013/07/10

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    India - Uttar Pradesh Sodic Lands Reclamation Project

  • Palavras-chave

    Indian Institute of Management;Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan;operation and maintenance cost;Environment and Natural Resources;land and water management;Land and Water Resources;Production of Crops;rate of growth;dollar exchange rate;local decision making;impact on poverty;surface water quality;land use pattern;degradation of land;abstraction of water;method of procurement;land reclamation effort;project completion date;public works program;government's development policy;foreign exchange risk;high yielding variety;water use efficiency;establishment and maintenance;agricultural marketing facility;availability of fund;delays in disbursement;environmentally sustainable technologies;public sector agency;assured water supply;land development activities;crop protection chemical;mobilization of woman;total catchment area;cultivated area;community land;beneficiary participation;project costing;Exchange Rates;reclamation program;participatory management;local expenditure;crop growth;irrigated area;drainage system;Management Systems;soil quality;Financing plans;fuel wood;crop system;irrigation water;fruit tree;remote sensing;forestry program;social issue;forestry model;site identification;credit negotiation;farm family;rural employment;monetary benefit;valuable land;reclamation activities;small parcel;crop production;advanced technology;fodder species;wheat crop;seedling production;beneficiary group;toxic salt;productive land;reform measure;potato production;cash crop;dam safety;cereal crop;population pressure;social forestry;coking coal;urban development;field staff;private investment;Rural Credit;irrigation infrastructure;non-governmental organization;credit proceeds;fuel system;soil erosion;electricity companies;informal saving;input cost;administrative capacity;commercial agriculture;agricultural support;work force;marginal farmer;farm size;indian states;large farmer;trained farmer;improved seed;farmyard manure;reclamation scheme;social constraint;landless laborer;crop yield;corrective action;agricultural crop;local funding;institutional weakness;civil works;common problems;Rural Poor;direct investment;rainfed agriculture;extension service;production support;increase productivity;household subsistence;forest product;mass communication;adaptive research;existing technology;rural area;procurement method;foreign expenditure;irrigation development;direct contracting;green manure;price contingency;tree crop;baseline cost;traditional food;farmer training;farmer income;chemical property;water share;resource base;drought assistance;grant basis;wind erosion;soil surface;board membership;wooded area;poverty alleviation;contractual arrangement;dry season;groundwater reserve;agricultural production;drainage water;horticultural crop;annual budget;project processing;retroactive financing;production system;independent assessment;institutional feature;sustainable way;high concentration;diversified cropping;sustainable production;agricultural productivity;

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