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Urban development in Phnom Penh (Inglês)

Urbanization presents an enormous opportunity for Cambodia. As has been demonstrated in countries around the world, urbanization is a driving force for growth and poverty reduction. Given Cambodia’s relatively early stage of urbanization, there is still an important opportunity to shape the future direction of urbanization. To positively shape the future of Cambodian cities, strong institutions for urban planning and management, collaboration across agencies, and a sustained commitment to the importance of principles of sustainability and inclusion will be needed. This report provides a summary of key issues related to urbanization in Cambodia, with a particular focus on Phnom Penh given its role as the country’s largest and most prosperous city. Section one provides context on urbanization, institutional and financial arrangements, urban planning, urban service delivery, and sustainability and inequality. Section two focuses in on three underlying constraints to efficient urbanization and section three includes priorities for Phnom Penh as a competitive, sustainable, and inclusive city.

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Detalhes

  • Autor

    Yin,Soriya, Kikutake,Natsuko, Lin,Sarah Xinyuan, Johnson,Erik Caldwell, Baker,Judy L., Ou,Narya

  • Data do documento

    2017/01/01

  • TIpo de documento

    Documento de Trabalho

  • No. do relatório

    121692

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Camboja,

  • Região

    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

  • Data de divulgação

    2017/11/28

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    Urban development in Phnom Penh

  • Palavras-chave

    urbanization;population distribution;Urban Planning;national institute of statistic;female labor force participation;comprehensive urban transport;access to basic service;vulnerability to climate change;patterns of urban growth;urban solid waste management;land use plan;solid waste collection;management of city;commercial real estate;amount of fund;annual budget data;Local Economic Development;urban service delivery;real estate development;infrastructure and services;sustainable urban infrastructure;capacity for implementation;local government financing;world development indicator;property tax revenue;agricultural commodity price;Transit Oriented Development;capacity for enforcement;public transport investment;waste collection service;land use planning;wastewater treatment system;high poverty rate;local level institutions;basic urban service;immovable property tax;local government revenue;foreign direct investment;affordable public transport;investments in infrastructure;urban poor communities;flood protection system;gross national income;working age group;source income;high rise building;principles of sustainability;enforcement of regulation;provision of water;fees and charge;source of income;provision water;total tax revenue;home based business;accessibility to job;public service provision;solid waste sector;investment in road;solid waste service;financial arrangement;Population Projection;urban development;decentralization reform;national revenue;living condition;Job Creation;social inclusion;land management;rapid urbanization;neighborhood revitalization;Population Growth;administrative level;South East;global benchmark;organizational chart;census results;local investment;stamp duty;public lighting;local source;Public Services;nontax revenue;public bus;limited capacity;clean water;upper class;private housing;rural area;shifting responsibility;earth observation;economic census;program leader;spatial planning;Labor Market;sectoral investment;safeguard measure;financial resource;urban dweller;technical standard;urban population;city area;political party;fitted value;income inequality;allocation formula;suburban area;cultural activities;housing supply;middle-income economy;horizontal integration;primary source;reform process;public safety;national regulation;approval process;unused land;transportation tax;administration cost;garment industry;public financing;drainage improvement;municipal budget;government entity;governance challenge;poverty incidence;low-income population;job training;micro enterprise;community involvement;decentralization effort;driving force;identification system;strategic parts;physical infrastructure;job market;full participation;low-income neighborhood;poverty datum;public action;infrastructure protection;strategic areas;stakeholder engagement;infrastructure needs;basic infrastructure;infrastructure access;Public Infrastructure;private investment;policy priority;city competitiveness;innovative method;own-source revenue;public space;flood control;civil society;municipal government;urban management;spatial development;Spatial Growth;support infrastructure;mass transport;sustainable infrastructure;raw sewage;global economy;wastewater collection;donor assistance;sewage treatment;inclusive cities;urbanization process;financial autonomy;water bodies;low-income area;management structure;national budget;urban landscape;municipal council;investment priority;Investment priorities;participatory approach;land area;registered vehicle;flood risk;poor traffic;subnational levels;metropolitan planning;specific issue;infrastructure delivery;social cohesion;political parties;septic tank;drainage infrastructure;private company;labor problem;long-term process;autonomous agency;urban space;adequate capacity;positive correlation;informal enterprise;country population;commercial building;statistical data;construction sector;informal sector;quality service;vulnerable area;

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