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OECS Countries - Caribbean Regional Oceanscape Project : Indigenous Peoples Plan (Vol. 2) : Grievance Redress Mechanism (Inglês)

The development objective of the Caribbean Regional Oceanscape Project for Organization of Eastern Caribbean States is to strengthen capacity for ocean governance and coastal and marine geospatial planning in the participating countries. Some of the negative impacts are include: (i) coastal forests are being replaced with formal or informal agricultural activities in low lying areas; (ii) current agricultural activities in upland watersheds cause harmful amounts of topsoil or pollutants to flow into estuaries and coastal waters; (iii) quota system need to be developed to manage exploitation of marine fish stocks; (iv) planned expansion of infrastructure in the coastal zone will stress ecosystem services or cause other negative environmental or social impacts; (v) coastal communities in Soubise and Marquis Grenada have been relocated away from the areas vulnerable to storm surges and flooding; (vi) loss of coastal forests and associated wildlife for residential development; (vii) increased housing development in coastal locations with high natural hazard risk exposure; (viii) increased extraction of surface fresh water will negatively impact agriculture, ecology of watersheds and nutrient upwelling in coastal zones; (ix) sand and gravel mining, although illegal in most cases, have negative effect on shoreline stability or sea-floor ecosystems in all OECS MS; (x) competition for agricultural lands as areas with highest solar insulation overlap with best arable flat lands; (xi) pollution from chemicals used in boat repair and maintenance; (xii) capacity assessment of coastal and marine resources to keep pace with the fast-growing rate of tourism sector is necessary; (xiii) potential pollution of remote uncontaminated areas; Some of the mitigation measures are include: (i) agricultural riparian buffer zones created along farms; (ii) environmental Education Strategy for agricultural sector across all education levels; (iii) economic instruments implemented for resource management; (iv) coastal development setback guidelines with climate change and sea level rise scenarios adopted; (v) wastewater treatment facilities with land-based options for final treatment and discharge of water; (vi) waste to energy plants to reduce demands in limited coastal lands; (vii) coastal wetland parks designed to allow for coastal flooding from both stormwater runoff, storm surge and sea level rise; (viii) protected areas of representative coastal forests created; (ix) wastewater treatment facilities integrated into housing development projects; (x) adopt policy for use of renewable energy for desalination projects and grid connect arrangements; (xi) adequate mining regulatory framework to include standards and best management practices for ecosystem restoration; (xii) location of shipping lanes and sensitive ecological areas must be mapped on marine spatial plans to determine where they intersect and to zone uses appropriately for better management; (xiii) establish limits of acceptable change and carrying capacity for marine parks and conservation zones; (xiv) decision-support system for ecosystem-based approach to coastal and natural resources management;

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