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Rural energy and development : improving energy supplies for two billion people (Inglês)

The purpose of this paper is to take stock of developing countries' efforts and of the support the development community has provided in the rural energy sector, to identify ways the World Bank Group can help its member countries address energy problems. The report looks at: a) the rural energy situation; b) emerging practices and policies; c) options for rural electrification; d) innovations in renewable energy; e) cooking fuels; and f) the role of the World Bank Group. The report describes the growing attractions of renewable technologies such as solar power. It argues that policy-makers, governments, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and the private sector should concentrate on improving the use of traditional fuels, such as wood, and not just on promoting modern energy such as electricity. It stresses the importance of designing policies and projects with local people rather than imposing schemes from above. The report concludes that through a combination of better technology and decades of experience, we are now able to tackle the problems of rural energy better than ever before.


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    Rural energy and development : improving energy supplies for two billion people

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    rural area;Electricity;renewable energy technologies;marginal cost of supply;primary source of energy;marginal cost of electricity;principles of tax policy;cost of energy supply;capital costs of connection;electricity supply industry;grid supply;electricity service;demand for electricity;electric power sector;quality and quantity;renewable energy source;education and health;households with electricity;electric power utility;rural electrification program;Energy Sector Reform;efficiency of electricity;electricity generating capacity;economies of scale;renewable energy resource;renewable energy program;program development;solar thermal electric;conventional power plant;Solar Home System;domestic hot water;conversion of biomass;palm oil mill;solar energy technology;costs of electrification;decentralized rural electrification;internal combustion engine;generation of electricity;biomass conversion technology;tax on electricity;return to investment;per capita consumption;availability of resource;ambitious rural electrification;cost generation;national electricity grid;rural electric cooperative;hydro scheme;Power Generation;Grid Electrification;grid system;household use;credit program;private investment;fuel cost;electric light;village council;lifeline rate;kilowatt hour;



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