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IDA 12 (2000-2002) : a retrospective overview (Inglês)

The IDA12 period has been an important phase in the development of IDA's policy framework. The enhanced HIPC initiative established a close link between concessional resources, poverty alleviation and debt reduction. IDA's performance-based resource allocation system was enhanced by putting a stronger emphasis on country performance, in particular governance. Prompted by the importance of ensuring that resources released by debt forgiveness were devoted to poverty reduction, increasing weight was placed on country ownership of development strategies as the basis for international support. The advent of national Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSP) has established a critical basis for the use of IDA resources, emphasizing program selectivity and coordination with development partners. At the same time, IDA scaled up its fight against communicable diseases, particularly HIV/AIDS and developed a more systematic approach to dealing with post-conflict countries. During IDA12, a review of IDA's performance was undertaken by the Operations Evaluation Department. The Review concluded that IDA significantly enhanced its relevance and improved its portfolio performance. It increased its responsiveness to its borrowers, diversified its lending instruments, and intensified its partnership efforts in the context of the Comprehensive Development Framework (CDF) and PRSP initiatives. At the same time, it noted that there were critical areas where further progress is needed: deepening country-based programming of development assistance, improving governance, capacity building, strengthening the focus on development outcomes, and establishing a harmonized and structured donor coordination process. OED's recommendations have fed into IDA13 priorities and policies, currently under implementation.

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