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Sri Lanka - Eco-Systems Conservation and Management Project : environmental assessment (Vol. 2) : Social management framework (Inglês)

The development objective of the Eco-Systems Conservation and Management Project (ESCAMP) for Sri Lanka is to improve the management and stewardship of terrestrial, marine and wetland ecosystems in select locations within and outside Protected Areas (Pas) through: improved management of natural habitats; strengthening of the institutional capacity and investment capability of PA conservation agencies; and enhancement of the revenue earning opportunities of PAs and affected communities through improved nature based tourism and community forestry. Rehabilitation of existing tanks and waterholes, and developing artificial waterholes in places where water shortages become acute. Environmental impact assessment suggest: (i) to reduce deforestation and forest degradation by reducing the dependency on extractive forest resources by providing alternative agricultural and non-agricultural income generating opportunities for local communities; (ii) enhance the productivity and environmental sustainability of agricultural lands within the selected conservation landscapes; (iii) reduce soil erosion; (iv) improve soil and water conservation in agricultural lands and home gardens; and (v) increase the quality and quantity of timber produced from designated woodlots and home gardens.

Detalhes

  • Data do documento

    2010/05/01

  • TIpo de documento

    Avaliação Ambiental

  • No. do relatório

    E2514

  • Nº do volume

    2

  • Total Volume(s)

    4

  • País

    Sri Lanka,

  • Região

    Sul da Ásia,

  • Data de divulgação

    2010/06/03

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    Social management framework

  • Palavras-chave

    Land Acquisition and Resettlement;impact of land use;Soil and Water Conservation;water resource management activities;Management of Natural Resources;conservation landscapes;range management plan;community base;protected area;number of visitors;dry forest ecosystems;land use pattern;places of worship;social safeguard policy;grievance redress mechanism;native tree species;income generating activity;resettlement of people;access to information;community action plan;high population density;provincial government agency;management of ecosystems;vegetable and fruit;large scale irrigation;community forestry management;exploitation of forests;Marine Protected Areas;human elephant conflict;development of water;human land use;criteria for selection;quality and quantity;forest degradation;climatic zone;community participation;research proposal;forest reserve;Indigenous Peoples;tourism activities;tourism activity;mitigation strategy;project intervention;buffer zone;arid zone;social impact;ecosystem restoration;community approach;invasive species;park infrastructure;site selection;agricultural land;ecosystem service;conservation planning;conservation issues;awareness campaign;habitat management;elephant range;forest land;technical expert;employment opportunities;employment opportunity;illegal activities;pilot site;insurance scheme;agricultural practice;landscape level;environmental service;natural ecosystem;dry zones;local population;conservation site;national conservation;wild elephants;grant proposal;green infrastructure;involuntary resettlement;electric fence;ecosystem conservation;participating community;affected persons;tourism opportunity;compensation measures;home gardens;community consultation;affected communities;community involvement;conservation interventions;Equal Opportunity;biological diversity;human rights;record keeping;moral support;recovery program;Landscape Management;management intervention;traditional ways;Help community;access road;community hall;water supplies;social infrastructure;seasonal cycle;positive impact;conservation benefits;sweet potato;financial compensation;finger millet;flagship species;degraded ecosystem;market information;Forest Management;water bodies;tamil language;local tourist;income generation;local culture;consumption pattern;international conservation;foreign tourist;food plants;equal distribution;water scarcity;community cohesion;disadvantaged family;Elderly People;active participation;financial resource;construction work;project negotiation;project duration;financial benefit;agricultural labour;local politician;electrical grid;agricultural labor;external assistance;membership base;Program of Activities;Consulting services;Project Monitoring;secondary data;household income;income category;collect firewood;personal communication;baseline survey;community for use;geographical area;intensive training;interpretation services;language skill;nature trails;long-term sustainability;infrastructural development;resource persons;curriculum revision;evaluation procedure;international training;Research Organizations;conservation organizations;individual researchers;sloping land;national community;nature tourism;tourism operators;international agency;Cash Transfer;Safeguard Policies;compensation mechanism;strategic management;natural habitat;Land Ownership;human settlement;stakeholder consultation;pilot testing;human population;elephant habitat;land mine;religious affiliations;incentive package;vertebrate fauna;corrective measure;agricultural area;land settlement;social aspect;economic liability;local farmer;elephant population;administrative boundary;broad stakeholder;habitat quality;Social Assessment;competitive basis;joint management;natural areas;self-help group;government ordinance;sustainable utilization;colonial era;wildlife resource;energy generation;external training;technical expertise;economic sector;conservation agency;local ngo;research institutions;hot spot;community group;land area

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