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Political economy of power sector subsidies : a review with reference to Sub-Saharan Africa (English)

Power sector subsidies in Sub-Saharan Africa are substantial and highly regressive. While subsidies can be quick, easy, and politically expedient to implement, they are equally quick to take root and challenging to remove. ... See More +

Working Paper 89547 JUL 01, 2014

Kojima, Masami ; Bacon, Robert ; Trimble, Chris

Drawing a roadmap for oil pricing reform (English)

In 2011, the median oil imports rose to 5 percent of gross domestic product for net importers. In the past several years, many governments have not passed through the world oil price increases to consumers fully. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6450 MAY 01, 2013

Kojima, Masami

Petroleum product pricing and complementary policies: experience of 65 developing countries since 2009 (English)

Unable to cope fully with steadily climbing world oil prices since mid-2009, many of the 65 countries reviewed in this paper have progressed slowly or even reversed course in reforming pricing of petroleum products. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6396 APR 01, 2013

Kojima, Masami

Drawing a roadmap for reforming oil pricing policy (English)

Between 2003 and 2012 the average annual world prices of gasoline, diesel, and kerosene in 160 countries more than doubled, while the prices of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) used for cooking and heating increased by two-thirds. ... See More +

Energy Study 79283 JAN 01, 2013

Kojima, Masami Spanish, French, Arabic

Drawing a roadmap for reforming oil pricing policy (Arabic)

Between 2003 and 2012 the average annual world prices of gasoline, diesel, and kerosene in 160 countries more than doubled, while the prices of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) used for cooking and heating increased by two-thirds. ... See More +

Energy Study 79283 JAN 01, 2013

Kojima, Masami English, Spanish, French

Reforming fuel pricing in an age of $100 oil (English)

Increases in world oil prices since 2004 have challenged consumers and oil-importing countries across the world. Oil prices temporarily fell sharply in 2009, only to triple three years later. ... See More +

Energy Study 79284 JAN 01, 2013

Kojima, Masami

Drawing a roadmap for reforming oil pricing policy : Dibujo de una hoja de ruta para la reforma de la politica de precios del petroleo (Spanish)

Between 2003 and 2012 the average annual world prices of gasoline, diesel, and kerosene in 160 countries more than doubled, while the prices of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) used for cooking and heating increased by two-thirds. ... See More +

Energy Study 79283 JAN 01, 2013

Kojima, Masami English, French, Arabic

Drawing a roadmap for reforming oil pricing policy : Feuille de route pour la reforme de la politique des prix des produits petroliers (French)

Between 2003 and 2012 the average annual world prices of gasoline, diesel, and kerosene in 160 countries more than doubled, while the prices of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) used for cooking and heating increased by two-thirds. ... See More +

Energy Study 79283 JAN 01, 2013

Kojima, Masami English, Spanish, Arabic

Oil price risks and pump price adjustments (English)

Between 1999 and 2008, world oil prices more than quadrupled in real terms. For oil importers, vulnerability to oil price increases, defined as the share of gross domestic product spent on net oil imports, rose considerably. ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS6227 OCT 01, 2012

Kojima, Masami

The role of liquefied petroleum gas in reducing energy poverty (English)

Increasing household use of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is one of several pathways to meet the goal of universal access to clean cooking and heating solutions by 2030, as stated in the United Nationsapos; Sustainable Energy for All Initiative. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 67452 DEC 01, 2011

Kojima, Masami

Who uses bottled gas ? evidence from households in developing countries (English)

Household surveys in Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka were analyzed using a two-stage Heckman model to examine the factors influencing the decision to use liquefied petroleum gas (stage 1) and, among users, the quantity consumed per person (stage 2). ... See More +

Policy Research Working Paper WPS5731 JUL 01, 2011

Kojima, Masami; Bacon, Robert; Zhou, Xin

Issues in estimating the employment generated by energy sector activities (English)

Many recent studies and reports on the performance of the energy sector have focused on the employment generated by investment. Governments, planning their energy futures, are also interested in the job creation benefits and possible identification of skill shortages that may emerge from a large energy program. ... See More +

Working Paper 82732 JUN 01, 2011

Bacon, Robert; Kojima, Masami

Vulnerability to higher oil prices : decomposition analysis of one hundred and fifty-eight countries between 2003 and 2008 (English)

This note examines changes in vulnerability to oil price increases over a five-year period ending in 2008. A decomposition analysis applied to one hundred and fifty-eight countries found that vulnerability had increased in eighty-two percent of countries, with more than half experiencing vulnerability exceeding five percent in 2008 and one fifth experiencing vulnerability exceeding ten percent. ... See More +

Working Paper 83517 JUN 01, 2011

Kojima, Masami

Expenditure of low-income households on energy : evidence from Africa and Asia (English)

Patterns of household energy use and expenditure have been the subject of a large number of studies. Household expenditures on energy-particularly, how much the poor spend-have policy implications for several reasons. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 54929 JUN 01, 2010

Kojima, Masami; Bacon, Robert; Bhattacharya, Soma;

Rockets and feathers : asymmetric petroleum product pricing in developing countries (English)

This paper aims to provide those working in developing countries with a review of the issues that can help address the four questions: 1) are petroleum product margins excessively high at certain times? ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 56249 JUN 01, 2010

Bacon, Robert; Kojima, Masami

Petroleum markets in Sub-Saharan Africa : analysis and assessment of 12 countries (English)

This regional study takes twelve oil-importing countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and asks the following two questions: does each stage in the supply chain, from import of crude oil or refined products to retail, seem to be efficiently run and are the efficiency gains passed on to end-users? ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 54927 MAR 01, 2010

Kojima, Masami; Matthews, William; Sexsmith, Fred;

Changes in CO2 emissions from energy use : a multicountry decomposition analysis (English)

The continued growth of global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) and their likely adverse effects on global warming are focusing debate on the contribution of various countries to total emissions and the comparability of efforts across countries in mitigating these emissions. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 51117 OCT 01, 2009

Kojima, Masami; Bacon, Robert;

Government response to oil price volatility : experience of 49 developing countries (English)

Oil prices rose from 2004 to historic highs in mid-2008, only to fall precipitously in the last four months of 2008 and lose all the gains of the preceding four and a half years. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 51116 JUL 01, 2009

Kojima, Masami

Changing patterns of household expenditures on energy : a case study of Indonesia and Pakistan (English)

This paper applies a decomposition technique using a log mean Divisia index to two sets of household surveys taken several years apart in Indonesia and Pakistan. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 49968 JUN 01, 2009

Bacon, Robert; Bhattacharya, Soma; Kojima, Masami

Changes in end-user petroleum product prices : a comparison of 48 Countries (English)

This paper presents retail prices of the petroleum products in August 2008 in up to 56 countries, and examines the degree of pass through to consumers of increases in world gasoline and diesel prices since January 2004 in 48 countries. ... See More +

Working Paper (Numbered Series) 48423 FEB 01, 2009

Kojima, Masami

Title Document Date Report No. Document Type Also available in
Political economy of power sector subsidies : a review with reference to Sub-Saharan Africa (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2014 89547 Working Paper
Drawing a roadmap for oil pricing reform (English)
See More +
MAY 01, 2013 WPS6450 Policy Research Working Paper
Petroleum product pricing and complementary policies: experience of 65 developing countries since 2009 (English)
See More +
APR 01, 2013 WPS6396 Policy Research Working Paper
Drawing a roadmap for reforming oil pricing policy (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2013 79283 Energy Study Spanish, French, Arabic
Drawing a roadmap for reforming oil pricing policy (Arabic)
See More +
JAN 01, 2013 79283 Energy Study English, Spanish, French
Reforming fuel pricing in an age of $100 oil (English)
See More +
JAN 01, 2013 79284 Energy Study
Drawing a roadmap for reforming oil pricing policy : Dibujo de una hoja de ruta para la reforma de la politica de precios del petroleo (Spanish)
See More +
JAN 01, 2013 79283 Energy Study English, French, Arabic
Drawing a roadmap for reforming oil pricing policy : Feuille de route pour la reforme de la politique des prix des produits petroliers (French)
See More +
JAN 01, 2013 79283 Energy Study English, Spanish, Arabic
Oil price risks and pump price adjustments (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2012 WPS6227 Policy Research Working Paper
The role of liquefied petroleum gas in reducing energy poverty (English)
See More +
DEC 01, 2011 67452 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Who uses bottled gas ? evidence from households in developing countries (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2011 WPS5731 Policy Research Working Paper
Issues in estimating the employment generated by energy sector activities (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2011 82732 Working Paper
Vulnerability to higher oil prices : decomposition analysis of one hundred and fifty-eight countries between 2003 and 2008 (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2011 83517 Working Paper
Expenditure of low-income households on energy : evidence from Africa and Asia (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2010 54929 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Rockets and feathers : asymmetric petroleum product pricing in developing countries (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2010 56249 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Petroleum markets in Sub-Saharan Africa : analysis and assessment of 12 countries (English)
See More +
MAR 01, 2010 54927 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Changes in CO2 emissions from energy use : a multicountry decomposition analysis (English)
See More +
OCT 01, 2009 51117 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Government response to oil price volatility : experience of 49 developing countries (English)
See More +
JUL 01, 2009 51116 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Changing patterns of household expenditures on energy : a case study of Indonesia and Pakistan (English)
See More +
JUN 01, 2009 49968 Working Paper (Numbered Series)
Changes in end-user petroleum product prices : a comparison of 48 Countries (English)
See More +
FEB 01, 2009 48423 Working Paper (Numbered Series)